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Journal Articles Journal of Hazardous Materials Year : 2024

Nano(micro)plastic mobility in soil: Metallic additives and Sr isotopes as potential tracers

Mélanie Davranche
Aline Dia
Imane Khatib
Martine Bouhnik-Le Coz
Charlotte Catrouillet

Abstract

Metal contaminants were found in a soil amended with a compost produced from household waste that included plastic debris. A strong correlation between the microplastics (MPs) distribution and the metal concentrations in the soil profile. Metals in the highest concentrations corresponded to the most significant plastic additives. As the total amount of plastic debris and the loss of metals and plastic particles were unknown, it was not possible to conclude that plastic debris is responsible for all of the metal contamination. Amount of calcium (Ca) in MPs (24.5 g kg-1 of MPs) are high in response to it use as filler in plastic formulation. As strontium (Sr) is an analogous of Ca, the potential of 87Sr/86Sr ratios to quantify MPs and nanoplastics (NPs) was tested. Elemental concentrations (Ca, Cd, Cr Pb, Ni and Sr) coupled with Sr isotopic ratios were compared in both amended soil and a reference soil without amendment. The 87Sr/86Sr ratios of the amended soil were less radiogenic than for the reference soil (0.724296 ±0.000010 against 0.726610 ±0.00009 for the 0-5 cm soil layer, respectively). The Sr isotopic ratio of MPs was also significantly less radiogenic (0.711527 ±0.000010 for the 0-5 cm soil layer) than for soils. The MPs< 2 mm occurred in the ploughed soil depth with concentration varying from 1.19 to 0.09 mg kg-1. The NPs concentration stayed quite constant from 0 to 55 cm at around 0.25 µg kg-1. The presence of NPs until 55 cm soil depth was attested by the detection of polypropylene NPs by Py-GCMS in the soil solution <0.8 µm. These results highlighted, for the first time, the NPs mobility throughout the soil depth and their ability to reach hydrosystems. It also demonstrated that Sr could be a potential tracer of the MPs<2 mm and NPs amount occurring in soils.
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Friday, January 10, 2025
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Friday, January 10, 2025
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Dates and versions

hal-04642241 , version 1 (10-07-2024)

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Aurélie Wahl, Mélanie Davranche, Aline Dia, David Vilbert, Imane Khatib, et al.. Nano(micro)plastic mobility in soil: Metallic additives and Sr isotopes as potential tracers. Journal of Hazardous Materials, In press, pp.135153. ⟨10.1016/j.jhazmat.2024.135153⟩. ⟨hal-04642241⟩
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