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Journal Articles Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society Year : 2019

Size and density sorting of dust grains in SPH simulations of protoplanetary discs – II. Fragmentation

Abstract

Grain growth and fragmentation are important processes in building up large dust aggregates in protoplanetary discs. Using a 3D two-phase (gas-dust) SPH code, we investigate the combined effects of growth and fragmentation of a multiphase dust with different fragmentation thresholds in a time-evolving disc. We find that our fiducial disc, initially in a fragmentation regime, moves towards a pure-growth regime in a few thousands years. Time-scales change as a function of the disc and dust properties. When fragmentation is efficient, it produces, in different zones of the disc, Fe/Si and rock/ice ratios different from those predicted when only pure growth is considered. Chemical fractionation and the depletion/enrichment in iron observed in some chondrites can be linked to the size-density sorting and fragmentation properties of precursor dusty grains. We suggest that aggregation of chondritic components could have occurred where/when fragmentation was not efficient if their aerodynamical sorting has to be preserved. Chondritic components would allow aerodynamical sorting in a fragmentation regime only if they have similar fragmentation properties. We find that, in the inner disc, and for the same interval of time, fragmenting dust can grow larger when compared to the size of grains predicted by pure growth. This counter-intuitive behaviour is due to the large amount of dust that piles up in a fragmenting zone followed by the rapid growth that occurs when this zone transitions to a pure growth regime. As an important consequence, dust can overcome the radial-drift barrier within a few thousands years.
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insu-02413683 , version 1 (22-05-2023)

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Attribution - NonCommercial

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Francesco C. Pignatale, Jean-François Gonzalez, Bernard Bourdon, Caroline Fitoussi. Size and density sorting of dust grains in SPH simulations of protoplanetary discs – II. Fragmentation. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 2019, 490 (3), pp.4428-4446. ⟨10.1093/mnras/stz2883⟩. ⟨insu-02413683⟩
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