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Conference Papers Year : 2013

Microwave-based laboratory experiments for internally-heated mantle convection


The thermal evolution of terrestrial planets is mainly controlled by the amount of radioactive heat sources in their mantle, and by the geometry and efficiency of solid state thermo-chemical convection within. So far, these systems have been studied using numerical methods only and cross validation by laboratory analogous experiments has not been conducted yet. To fill this gap we perform the first laboratory experiments of mantle convection driven by microwave-generated internal heating. We use a 30×30×5 cm3 experimental tank filled with 0.5 % Natrosol in water mixture (viscosity 0.6 Pa.s at 20°C). The fluid is heated from within by a microwave device that delivers a uniform volumetric heating from 10 to 70 kW/m3; the upper boundary of the fluid is kept at constant temperature, whereas the lower boundary is adiabatic. The velocity field is determined with particle image velocimetry and the temperature field is measured using thermochromic liquid crystals which enable us to charaterize the geometry of the convective regime as well as its bulk thermal evolution. Numerical simulations, conducted using Stag-3D in 3D cartesian geometry, reproduce the experimental setup (i.e., boundary conditions, box aspect ratio, temperature dependence of physical parameters, internal heating rate). The successful comparison between the experimental and numerical results validates our approach of modelling internal heating using microwaves.
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insu-03581758 , version 1 (20-02-2022)



A. Limare, E. Surducan, V. Surducan, C. Neamtu, E. Di Giuseppe, et al.. Microwave-based laboratory experiments for internally-heated mantle convection. Processes in Isotopes and Molecules (PIM 2013). AIP Conference Proceedings, 2013, à renseigner, Unknown Region. pp.14-18, ⟨10.1063/1.4833687⟩. ⟨insu-03581758⟩
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