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Journal Articles Journal of Geophysical Research : Solid Earth Year : 2016

Sustained water-level changes caused by damage and compaction induced by teleseismic earthquakes

Eyal Shalev
  • Function : Author
Ittai Kurzon
  • Function : Author
Mai-Linh Doan
Vladimir Lyakhovsky
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Sustained water-level increase and decrease induced by distant earthquakes were observed in two wells, Gomè 1 and Meizar 1 in Israel. The Gomè 1 well is located within a damage zone of a major fault zone, and Meizar 1 is relatively far from a fault. The monitored pressure change in both wells shows significant water-level oscillations and sustained water-level changes in response to the passage of the seismic waves. The sustained water-level changes include short-term (minutes) undrained behavior and longer-period (hours and days) drained behavior associated with groundwater flow. We model the short-term undrained response of water pressure oscillations and sustained change to the distant 2013 Mw 7.7 Balochistan earthquake by nonlinear elastic behavior of damaged rocks, accounting for small wave-induced compaction and damage accumulation. We suggest that the rocks are close to failure in both locations and strain oscillations produced by the passing seismic waves periodically push the rock above the yield cap, creating compaction when volumetric strain increases and damage when shear strain increases. Compaction increases pore pressure, whereas damage accumulation decreases pore pressure by fracture dilation. The dominant process depends on the properties of the rock. For highly damaged rocks, dilatancy is dominant and a sustained pressure decrease is expected. For low-damage rocks, compaction is the dominant process creating sustained water-level increase. We calculate damage and porosity changes associated to the Balochistan earthquake in both wells and quantify damage accumulation and compaction during the passage of the seismic waves.
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insu-03596364 , version 1 (03-03-2022)

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Eyal Shalev, Ittai Kurzon, Mai-Linh Doan, Vladimir Lyakhovsky. Sustained water-level changes caused by damage and compaction induced by teleseismic earthquakes. Journal of Geophysical Research : Solid Earth, 2016, 121, pp.4943-4954. ⟨10.1002/2016JB013068⟩. ⟨insu-03596364⟩
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