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Journal Articles Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics Year : 2010

A statistically significant signature of multi-decadal solar activity changes in atmospheric temperatures at three European stations

Abstract

We study the effect of solar variability on temperatures recorded in three European stations with the longest gapless series available (Prague, Bologna and Uccle). Following a pattern recognition approach, we partition daily temperature “indices” (minimum, maximum and range) in two separate classes with respect to the level of solar activity (high H vs low L 11 year cycles). Using the two-sample Kolmogorov-Smirnov statistics, multiple shuffles of data, and other partitions, we demonstrate that the separation between the probability distribution functions of H and L temperatures is statistically significant and robust. We find that average annual variations for the H and L classes display common and site-specific patterns. For practically all series considered, differences between graphs of annual change for the two classes H and L are large (∼1 °C). Solar activity accounts, at least in part, for the multi-decadal variations in temperature observed at these European sites in the past two centuries.
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Dates and versions

insu-03605330 , version 1 (11-03-2022)

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Vladimir Kossobokov, Jean-Louis Le Mouël, Vincent Courtillot. A statistically significant signature of multi-decadal solar activity changes in atmospheric temperatures at three European stations. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 2010, 72, pp.595-606. ⟨10.1016/j.jastp.2010.02.016⟩. ⟨insu-03605330⟩
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