Dark matter vs. neutrinos: the effect of astrophysical uncertainties and timing information on the neutrino floor - INSU - Institut national des sciences de l'Univers Access content directly
Journal Articles JOURNAL OF COSMOLOGY AND ASTROPARTICLE PHYSICS Year : 2015

Dark matter vs. neutrinos: the effect of astrophysical uncertainties and timing information on the neutrino floor

Abstract

Future multi-tonne Direct Detection experiments will be sensitive to solar neutrino induced nuclear recoils which form an irreducible background to light Dark Matter searches. Indeed for masses around 6 GeV the spectra of neutrinos and Dark Matter are so similar that experiments are said to run into a neutrino floor, for which sensitivity increases only marginally with exposure past a certain cross section. In this work we show that this floor can be overcome using the different annual modulation expected from solar neutrinos and Dark Matter. Specifically for cross sections below the neutrino floor the DM signal is observable through a phase shift and a smaller amplitude for the time-dependent event rate. This allows the exclusion power to be improved by up to an order of magnitude for large exposures. In addition we demonstrate that, using only spectral information, the neutrino floor exists over a wider mass range than has been previously shown, since the large uncertainties in the Dark Matter velocity distribution make the signal spectrum harder to distinguish from the neutrino background. However for most velocity distributions it can still be surpassed using timing information, and so the neutrino floor is not an absolute limit on the sensitivity of Direct Detection experiments.

Dates and versions

insu-03644748 , version 1 (19-04-2022)

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Jonathan H. Davis. Dark matter vs. neutrinos: the effect of astrophysical uncertainties and timing information on the neutrino floor. JOURNAL OF COSMOLOGY AND ASTROPARTICLE PHYSICS, 2015, 2015, ⟨10.1088/1475-7516/2015/03/012⟩. ⟨insu-03644748⟩
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