BOREAL-A Fixed-Wing Unmanned Aerial System for the Measurement of Wind and Turbulence in the Atmospheric Boundary Layer - INSU - Institut national des sciences de l'Univers Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology Year : 2022

BOREAL-A Fixed-Wing Unmanned Aerial System for the Measurement of Wind and Turbulence in the Atmospheric Boundary Layer

Abstract

An instrumentation package for wind and turbulence observations in the atmospheric boundary layer on an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) called BOREAL has been developed. BOREAL is a fixed-wing UAV built by BOREAL company, which weighs up to 25 kg (5 kg of payload) and has a wingspan of 4.2 m. With a light payload and optimal weather conditions, it has a flight endurance of 9 h. The instrumental payload was designed in order to measure every parameter required for the computation of the three wind components, at a rate of 100 s-1, which is fast enough to capture turbulence fluctuations: a GPS-inertial measurement unit (IMU) platform measures the three components of the groundspeed a well as the attitude angles; the airplane nose has been replaced by a five-hole probe in order to measure the angles of attack and sideslip, according to the so-called radome technique. This probe was calibrated using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations and wind tunnel tests. The remaining instruments are a Pitot tube for static and dynamic pressure measurement and temperature/humidity sensors in dedicated housings. The optimal airspeed at which the vibrations are significantly reduced to an acceptable level was defined from qualification flights. With appropriate flight patterns, the reliability of the mean wind estimates, through self-consistency and comparison with observations performed at 60 m on an instrumented tower could be assessed. Promising first observations of turbulence up to frequencies around 10 Hz and corresponding to a spatial resolution to the order of 3 m are hereby presented.
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Dates and versions

insu-03671627 , version 1 (21-02-2024)

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Sara Alaoui-Sosse, Pierre Durand, Patrice Medina, Philippe Pastor, Michel Gavart, et al.. BOREAL-A Fixed-Wing Unmanned Aerial System for the Measurement of Wind and Turbulence in the Atmospheric Boundary Layer. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 2022, 39, pp.387-402. ⟨10.1175/JTECH-D-21-0126.1⟩. ⟨insu-03671627⟩
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