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Journal Articles Icarus Year : 2022

Insight into martian crater degradation history based on crater depth and diameter statistics

Abstract

Impact craters are widely used to investigate the geologic history of planetary surfaces. Their morphology bears clues on past surface processes that affected it such as erosion, sedimentary deposit and volcanic processes and their density is widely used to date planetary surfaces.

In this study we propose to combine crater Density and morphology into a single representation, Crater Size and Depth Frequency Distribution (CSDFD) that offers a snapshot not only at the age but also at the obliteration history of the crater population. Using simple models, we interpreted the CSDFD in term of crater obliteration rates. This methods can be applied on any body featuring impact craters. We present here the results obtained on Mars, using a global crater database.

The obliteration rates obtained from CSDFD are consistent with known geologic history of Mars. Reaching thousands of m/Gy during Noachian and rapidly dwindling as soon as 3.5 Gy. Moreover, our method highlighted an continuous activity of Northern Lowlands surface during Amazonian we interpret to be linked with the formation of the vastitas borealis formation. This study offer a continuous vision in time and space of Martian obliteration history.

Dates and versions

insu-03710163 , version 1 (30-06-2022)

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Sylvain Breton, Cathy Quantin-Nataf, Lu Pan, Lucia Mandon, Matthieu Volat. Insight into martian crater degradation history based on crater depth and diameter statistics. Icarus, 2022, 377, ⟨10.1016/j.icarus.2022.114898⟩. ⟨insu-03710163⟩
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