%0 Journal Article
%T Estimation of Resolution and Covariance of Ambient Seismic Source Distributions: Full Waveform Inversion and Matched Field Processing
%+ Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris (IPGP (UMR_7154))
%A Xu, Zongbo
%A Mikesell, T. Dylan
%< avec comitÃ© de lecture
%@ 2169-9313
%J Journal of Geophysical Research : Solid Earth
%I American Geophysical Union
%V 127
%8 2022
%D 2022
%Z 2022JGRB..12724374X
%R 10.1029/2022JB024374
%K ambient seismic noise
%K model resolution
%K model covariance
%K full waveform inversion
%K matched field processing
%Z Sciences of the Universe [physics]
%Z Sciences of the Universe [physics]/Earth SciencesJournal articles
%X Both natural and anthropogenic seismic sources generate so-called ambient seismic waves. One in turn can use ambient seismic waves to estimate these source distributions and study source characteristics, for instance the source mechanism. A commonly used estimation method is called matched field processing (MFP), and the MFP results are inherently smeared by the array geometry. Another approach to estimate ambient seismic sources is to apply full waveform inversion (FWI) to the crosscorrelations of ambient seismic wave recordings. Both methods have pros and cons, but the model resolution and uncertainty in these two methods are important for the interpretation. Unfortunately, this topic has attracted little attention in the past. We propose to estimate both the model resolution matrix and model covariance matrix of the inversion using singular value decomposition. We demonstrate our estimates using two examples, one of which is an actual field array geometry. We quantitatively compare the model resolution of the two methods and discuss the model null space. We demonstrate that FWI has superior resolution with enough independent data and should be used when computational resources permit.
%G English
%2 https://insu.hal.science/insu-03748524/document
%2 https://insu.hal.science/insu-03748524/file/JGR%20Solid%20Earth%20-%202022%20-%20Xu%20-%20Estimation%20of%20Resolution%20and%20Covariance%20of%20Ambient%20Seismic%20Source%20Distributions%20Full.pdf
%L insu-03748524
%U https://insu.hal.science/insu-03748524
%~ INSU
%~ AFRIQ
%~ CNRS
%~ IPGP
%~ UNIV-PARIS
%~ UNIVERSITE-PARIS
%~ ANR