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Conference Papers Year : 2022

Temperature of the middle atmosphere observed using satellite constellations

Philippe Keckhut
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  • PersonId : 918122
Alain Hauchecorne
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  • PersonId : 914935
Mustapha Meftah
Alexis Mariaccia
Cannelle Clavier
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  • PersonId : 1215392
Robin Wing
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  • PersonId : 1025980
Sergey Khaykin
Maryam Ardalan
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  • PersonId : 1142142


The monitoring of temperature in the middle atmosphere has been ensured by a succession of operational sensors onboard NOAA satellites for 4 decades. Due to the different orbits of the platforms and their drifts, influences from atmospheric tides can lead to complex problems when attempting to assess long-term trends. New results, including non-migrating tides, illustrate the need of a constellation of satellites to increase temporal coverage. Sudden Stratospheric Warmings are the largest perturbations in the middle atmosphere, and recent analyses have shown that winter evolutions include some memories that could help seasonal forecasts. A recent Bayesian statistical analysis of mesospheric inversion layers reveals that these events can be grouped into 3 categories. Their occurrence is generally not well captured by meteorological re-analyses, mainly due to the lack of observations. Assessment of meteorological re-analyses using lidar show an obvious lack of variability in the model. On the other hand limb observations can be derived to provide temperature profiles in the middle atmosphere (30-80 km) with a good vertical resolution as demonstrated by GOMOS analyses and can capture the variability of the middle atmosphere with a good accuracy. Such observations can be reproduced with nano-satellites while some technical challenges need to be resolved.
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Dates and versions

insu-03771897 , version 1 (07-09-2022)



Philippe Keckhut, Alain Hauchecorne, Mustapha Meftah, Alexis Mariaccia, Cannelle Clavier, et al.. Temperature of the middle atmosphere observed using satellite constellations. 44th COSPAR Scientific Assembly, Jul 2022, Athens, Greece. pp.Abstract C0.2-0016-22. ⟨insu-03771897⟩
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