Meltwater Lenses Over the Chukchi and the Beaufort Seas During Summer 2019: From In Situ to Synoptic View - INSU - Institut national des sciences de l'Univers Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Geophysical Research. Oceans Year : 2022

Meltwater Lenses Over the Chukchi and the Beaufort Seas During Summer 2019: From In Situ to Synoptic View

Abstract

We investigate the Chukchi and the Beaufort seas in the Arctic Ocean, where salty and warm Pacific Water flows in through the Bering Strait and interacts with the sea ice, contributing to its summer melt. Thanks to in situ measurements recorded by two saildrones deployed during summer 2019 and to refined sea ice filtering in satellite L-band radiometric data, we demonstrate the ability of satellite sea surface salinity (SSS) observed by Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity and Soil Moisture Active and Passive to capture SSS freshening induced by sea ice melt. We refer to these freshening events as meltwater lenses (MWL). The largest MWL observed by the saildrones during this period occupied a large part of the Chukchi shelf, with a SSS freshening reaching −5 practical salinity scale, persisting for up to 1 month. This MWL restricted the transfer of air-sea momentum to the upper ocean, as illustrated by measured wind speed and vertical profiles of currents. With satellite-based sea surface temperature, satellite SSS provides a monitoring of the different water masses encountered in the region during summer 2019. Using sea ice concentration and estimated Ekman transport, we analyze the spatial variability of sea surface properties after the sea ice edge retreat over the Chukchi and the Beaufort seas. The two MWL captured by the saildrones and the satellite measurements resulted from different dynamics. Over the Beaufort Sea, the MWL evolution followed the meridional sea ice retreat whereas, in the Chukchi Sea, a large persisting MWL was generated by advection and subsequent melting of a sea ice filament.
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Dates and versions

insu-03993971 , version 1 (19-02-2023)

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Attribution - NonCommercial

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Alexandre Supply, Jacqueline Boutin, Nicolas Kolodziejczyk, Gilles Reverdin, Camille Lique, et al.. Meltwater Lenses Over the Chukchi and the Beaufort Seas During Summer 2019: From In Situ to Synoptic View. Journal of Geophysical Research. Oceans, 2022, 127, ⟨10.1029/2021JC018388⟩. ⟨insu-03993971⟩
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