Characterisation of the sensitivity to bias using a gain matrix formulation for the VeSUV/VenSpec-U instrument onboard ESA’s EnVision mission - INSU - Institut national des sciences de l'Univers Access content directly
Conference Papers Year : 2023

Characterisation of the sensitivity to bias using a gain matrix formulation for the VeSUV/VenSpec-U instrument onboard ESA’s EnVision mission

Abstract

Selected in 2021 as the fifth class M mission of ESA’s “Cosmic Vision” programme, EnVision is one the three next exploration mission of Venus, alongside NASA’s VERITAS and DAVINCI. EnVision will bring a holistic approach, by studying the surface and subsurface, different layers of the atmosphere, past and present volcanic activity, as well as coupling processes. To that end, the payload will include a synthetic aperture radar for surface mapping (VenSAR, NASA), a subsurface radar sounder and a radioscience experiment to monitor gravimetric and atmospheric properties. Finally, the spectrometer suite VenSpec will investigate the surface and atmospheric compositions to analyse their relations with internal activity, using the thermal IR imager VenSpec-M and the high-resolution IR spectrometer VenSpec-H. The UV channel of the suite VenSpec-U, also called VeSUV, will focus on the atmosphere above the clouds, and aims more specifically at characterising the abundance and variability of sulphured gases such as SO and SO2, and the unidentified UV absorber. To do so, VeSUV will operate in pushbroom mode in the 190-380 nm range with an improved spectral resolution between 205 and 235 nm, and will observe the backscattered sunlight on the dayside of Venus at a spatial sampling ranging from 3 to 24 km. In order to characterise the instrument’s performances, the sensitivity to bias is analysed using a gain matrix formulation. A perturbation is locally introduced on a synthetic spectrum and a fitting algorithm involving the same radiative transfer model is used to retrieve the atmospheric parameters, for several values of perturbation. As they are small, the assumption of a linear relation between the perturbation and the resulting error on the estimated parameters is made, their ratio corresponding to the matrix element. This method allows a conversion between the measured signal and the atmospheric parameters independently from the bias spectrum (e.g. straylight, calibration error, contamination during mission), as it is computed separately for each wavelength.
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Dates and versions

insu-04025633 , version 1 (12-03-2023)

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Cite

Lucile Conan, Emmanuel Marcq, Benjamin Lustrement, Ann Carine Vandaele, Jörn Helbert. Characterisation of the sensitivity to bias using a gain matrix formulation for the VeSUV/VenSpec-U instrument onboard ESA’s EnVision mission. EGU General Assembly 2023, Apr 2023, Vienna (Austria), Austria. pp.EGU23-8312, ⟨10.5194/egusphere-egu23-8312⟩. ⟨insu-04025633⟩
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