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Conference Papers Year : 2023

Polar sea-salt aerosols in CMIP6 models

Louis Marelle
  • Function : Author
Markus Frey
Risto Makkonen
  • Function : Author
Xin Yang


We present an inter-comparison of simulated sea-salt aerosols (SSA) in CMIP6 models, including an evaluation against station observations in the Artic and Antarctic regions and satellite data. Drivers of model diversity are investigated. Historical and future trends are also explored and connected to their driving mechanisms. Additionally, the sensitivity of the polar radiative budget to SSA in CMIP6 models is quantified and put in relation to present-day uncertainties and future trends. Comparisons suggest (i) a large inter-model spread in SSA surface concentrations mostly driven by the diversity in source functions, (ii) an important overestimation of SSA surface concentrations compared to measurement stations but reasonable agreement with optical depth from satellite data, (iii) difficulties in properly capturing the annual cycle of SSA at both poles, particularly at higher latitude. A generally increasing trend in SSA concentrations is found in CMIP6 over the last decades and in future scenarios. CMIP6 models show that SSA contribute to cooling the poles significantly, implying possible uncertainties of several W/m2 in the present-day polar radiative budget.
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Dates and versions

insu-04031230 , version 1 (15-03-2023)



Rémy Lapere, Jennie Thomas, Louis Marelle, Annica Ekman, Markus Frey, et al.. Polar sea-salt aerosols in CMIP6 models. EGU General Assembly 2023, Apr 2023, Vienna (Austria), Austria. pp.EGU23-12728, ⟨10.5194/egusphere-egu23-12728⟩. ⟨insu-04031230⟩
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