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Journal Articles Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions Year : 2023

Trends in polar ozone loss since 1989: First signs of recovery in Arctic ozone column


Ozone depletion over the polar regions is monitored each year by satellite and ground-based instruments. In this study, the vortex-averaged ozone loss over the last three decades is evaluated for both polar regions using the passive ozone tracer of the chemical transport model TOMCAT/SLIMCAT and total ozone observations from Système d'Analyse par Observation Zénithale (SAOZ) ground-based instruments and Multi-Sensor Reanalysis (MSR2). The passive tracer method allows us to determine the evolution of the daily rate of column ozone destruction, and the magnitude of the cumulative loss at the end of the winter. Three metrics are used to estimate the linear trend since 2000 and to assess the current situation of ozone recovery over both polar regions: 1) The maximum ozone loss at the end of the winter; 2) the onset day of ozone loss at a specific threshold and 3) the ozone loss residuals computed from the differences between annual ozone loss and ozone loss values regressed with respect to sunlit volume of polar stratospheric clouds (VPSC). This latter metric is based on linear and parabolic regressions for ozone loss in the Northern and Southern Hemispheres, respectively. In the Antarctic, metrics 1, and 3, yield trends of-2.3 and-1.8% dec-1 for the 2000-2021 period, significant at 1 and 2 standard error (), respectively. For metric 2, various thresholds were considered, all of them showing a time delay for when they are reached. The trends are significant at the 2 level and vary from 3.5 to 4.2 day dec-1 between the various thresholds. In the Arctic, metric 1 exhibits large interannual variability and no significant trend is detected; this result is highly influenced by the record ozone losses in 2011 and 2020. Metric 2 is not applied in the Northern Hemisphere due to the difficulty of finding a threshold value in a consistent number of winters. Metric 3 shows a negative trend in Arctic ozone loss residuals of-1.7 ±1% dec-1 , significant at 1 level. This is therefore the first quantitative detection of ozone recovery in the Arctic springtime lower stratosphere.
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insu-04096452 , version 1 (12-05-2023)





Andrea Pazmino, Florence Goutail, Sophie Godin-Beekmann, Alain Hauchecorne, Jean-Pierre Pommereau, et al.. Trends in polar ozone loss since 1989: First signs of recovery in Arctic ozone column. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, In press, ⟨10.5194/egusphere-2023-788⟩. ⟨insu-04096452⟩
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