Variability of CO and aerosols plumes from wildfires in the Northern Hemisphere in 2008-2022 using satellite observations. - INSU - Institut national des sciences de l'Univers Access content directly
Conference Poster Year : 2023

Variability of CO and aerosols plumes from wildfires in the Northern Hemisphere in 2008-2022 using satellite observations.

Antoine Ehret
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  • PersonId : 1215414
Solène Turquety
  • Function : Author
Maya George

Abstract

Wildfires are responsible for significant emissions of greenhouse gases, pollutants and aerosols. In addition to being a large source of carbon monoxide (CO) and carbon dioxide (CO2), they alone account for more than half of black carbon emissions and the majority of primary organic aerosol emissions.Despite proactive fire suppression policies in the Northern Hemisphere (NH), allowing a decrease in fires, especially in Europe, an increase in the number of extreme fires can be noted in recent years. In the NH, this increase is mainly in Western America and boreal regions. The pollution plumes produced during extreme fires can be transported over thousands of kilometers, impacting background pollutant levels on a hemispheric scale. Thus, variability in fire intensity may explain a large part of the spatial and temporal variability of many atmospheric pollutants. For longer lived pollutants, wildfires may significantly increase background levels.In this study, the link between extreme fire weather (high temperature), large fires and background pollution in the Northern Hemisphere is analyzed based on satellite observations. The impact of large wildfires on background levels of CO and aerosols above Europe is studied more specifically. We present the variability of fire frequency in the NH, their intensity and the related emissions using 20 years (2003-2022) of MODIS fire observations analyzed with the APIFLAME model. The link between large events and fire weather is studied using the ERA5 reanalyses and the Canadian Fire Weather Index (FWI). The related impact on the variability of total CO and AOD in the NH is analyzed using 15 years (2008-2022) of satellite observations from IASI/Metop and MODIS/Terra and Aqua, respectively. Finally, plume retro trajectories are computed in order to assess the contribution of the different geographical areas of the NH on the CO and AOD variability.
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Dates and versions

insu-04316891 , version 1 (30-11-2023)

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Antoine Ehret, Solène Turquety, Maya George, Cathy Clerbaux. Variability of CO and aerosols plumes from wildfires in the Northern Hemisphere in 2008-2022 using satellite observations.. EGU General Assembly 2023, Apr 2023, Vienna (Austria), Austria. 2023, ⟨10.5194/egusphere-egu23-6797⟩. ⟨insu-04316891⟩
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