The SOPHIE search for northern extrasolar planets - INSU - Institut national des sciences de l'Univers Access content directly
Journal Articles Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A Year : 2024

The SOPHIE search for northern extrasolar planets

N C Hara
  • Function : Author
T G Wilson
  • Function : Author
K G Stassun
G W Henry
  • Function : Author
N C Santos
L. Acuña
D. Almasian
  • Function : Author
L. Arnold
  • Function : Author
N. Astudillo-Defru
  • Function : Author
O. Attia
F. Bouchy
  • Function : Author
V. Bourrier
  • Function : Author
B. Collet
P. Cortés-Zuleta
  • Function : Author
S. Dalal
M. Deleuil
O D S Demangeon
R F Díaz
  • Function : Author
X. Dumusque
  • Function : Author
D. Ehrenreich
  • Function : Author
M J Hobson
  • Function : Author
J S Jenkins
J S Jenkins
  • Function : Author
D W Latham
L. Mignon
  • Function : Author
H P Osborn
  • Function : Author
F. Pepe
  • Function : Author
D. Rapetti
  • Function : Author
J. Rodrigues
  • Function : Author
D. Segransan
  • Function : Author
A. Shporer
  • Function : Author
S. Sulis
G. Torres
  • Function : Author
S. Udry
  • Function : Author
F. Vakili
  • Function : Author
A. Vanderburg
O. Venot
  • Function : Author
J I Vines
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Transiting planets with orbital periods longer than 40 d are extremely rare among the 5000+ planets discovered so far. The lack of discoveries of this population poses a challenge to research into planetary demographics, formation, and evolution. Here, we present the detection and characterization of HD 88986 b, a potentially transiting sub-Neptune, possessing the longest orbital period among known transiting small planets (<4 R ⊕ ) with a precise mass measurement ( σ M /M > 25%). Additionally, we identified the presence of a massive companion in a wider orbit around HD 88986. To validate this discovery, we used a combination of more than 25 yr of extensive radial velocity (RV) measurements (441 SOPHIE data points, 31 ELODIE data points, and 34 HIRES data points), Gaia DR3 data, 21 yr of photometric observations with the automatic photoelectric telescope (APT), two sectors of TESS data, and a 7-day observation of CHEOPS. Our analysis reveals that HD 88986 b, based on two potential single transits on sector 21 and sector 48 which are both consistent with the predicted transit time from the RV model, is potentially transiting. The joint analysis of RV and photometric data show that HD 88986 b has a radius of 2.49 ± 0.18 R ⊕ , a mass of 17.2 −3.8 +4.0 M ⊕ , and it orbits every 146.05 −0.40 +0.43 d around a subgiant HD 88986 which is one of the closest and brightest exoplanet host stars (G2Vtype, R = 1.543 ± 0.065 R ⊙ , V = 6.47 ± 0.01 mag, distance = 33.37 ± 0.04 pc). The nature of the outer, massive companion is still to be confirmed; a joint analysis of RVs, H IPPARCOS , and Gaia astrometric data shows that with a 3 σ confidence interval, its semi-major axis is between 16.7 and 38.8 au and its mass is between 68 and 284 M Jup . HD 88986 b’s wide orbit suggests the planet did not undergo significant mass loss due to extreme-ultraviolet radiation from its host star. Therefore, it probably maintained its primordial composition, allowing us to probe its formation scenario. Furthermore, the cold nature of HD 88986 b (460 ± 8 K), thanks to its long orbital period, will open up exciting opportunities for future studies of cold atmosphere composition characterization. Moreover, the existence of a massive companion alongside HD 88986 b makes this system an interesting case study for understanding planetary formation and evolution.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
aa47897-23.pdf (25.04 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origin : Publisher files allowed on an open archive
Licence : CC BY - Attribution

Dates and versions

insu-04433639 , version 1 (02-02-2024)

Licence

Attribution

Identifiers

Cite

N. Heidari, I. Boisse, N C Hara, T G Wilson, F. Kiefer, et al.. The SOPHIE search for northern extrasolar planets. Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, 2024, 681, pp.A55. ⟨10.1051/0004-6361/202347897⟩. ⟨insu-04433639⟩
52 View
8 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook X LinkedIn More