3D geometrical modelling of the non-cylindrical Vélodrome Miocene fold in the southwestern Alps - INSU - Institut national des sciences de l'Univers Access content directly
Journal Articles Tectonophysics Year : 2024

3D geometrical modelling of the non-cylindrical Vélodrome Miocene fold in the southwestern Alps

Abstract

Fold geometries and kinematics within foreland basins is a major issue for understanding the late evolution of thrust fronts. In the foreland of the southwestern Alps, the Vélodrome complex fold involves the whole Tertiary series which have recorded the evolution of the alpine front. From a geometrical and kinematic point of view, the Vélodrome is classically described as a recumbent Mio-Pliocene syncline with a strongly curved axis; interpreted either as a classic growth-fold, a post-deposit fold, or a result of coeval salt activity. The debate reveals a lack of consensus on the internal structure of the Vélodrome and the potential role of salt motion. By a detailed field analysis coupled with an implicit 3D geometrical modelling approach, we test the different hypotheses and provide a new 3D illustrated interpretation of the Vélodrome series. The Vélodrome consists in a complex non-cylindrical structure composed by several folds with different orientations together with inter- and intra-formations unconformities. Folding is partly syn-depositional and began earlier in the south, near Esclangon village, than in the north. In the north, deformation started with the marly and sandy molasse (m2, middle Burdigalian), attested by the transition from the conformable conglomeratic marine molasse (m1–2, Aquitanian and early Burdigalian) to the unconformable m2 to the Valensole formation. Deformation began earlier in the south, during the deposition of the m1–2, as shown by internal unconformities. We discuss the ingredients controlling the deformation in the Vélodrome, regional tectonics (mainly since middle Burdigalian) versus salt tectonics. This study further brings new constraints on the timing and pattern of deformation of the southwestern orogenic front of the Alps. It also highlights the power of the 3D geometrical modelling approach for testing different hypotheses and better understanding 3D complex structures.
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Sunday, September 29, 2024
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Sunday, September 29, 2024
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Dates and versions

insu-04526086 , version 1 (29-03-2024)

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Agathe Faure, Nicolas Loget, Laurent Jolivet, Charles Gumiaux, Cécile Allanic, et al.. 3D geometrical modelling of the non-cylindrical Vélodrome Miocene fold in the southwestern Alps. Tectonophysics, 2024, pp.230296. ⟨10.1016/j.tecto.2024.230296⟩. ⟨insu-04526086⟩
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