Modeling the contribution of leads to sea spray aerosol in the high Arctic - INSU - Institut national des sciences de l'Univers Access content directly
Journal Articles Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions Year : 2024

Modeling the contribution of leads to sea spray aerosol in the high Arctic

Abstract

Elongated open water areas in sea ice (leads) release sea spray particles to the atmosphere. However, there is limited knowledge on the amount, properties and drivers of sea spray emitted from leads, and no existing parameterization of this process is available for use in models. In this work, we use measurements of aerosol fluxes from Nilsson et al. (2001) to produce an estimate of the location, timing and amount of sea spray emissions from leads at the scale of the Arctic Ocean for one year. Lead fractions are derived using sea ice data sets from numerical models and satellite detection. The proposed parameterization estimates that leads account for 0.3 %–3 % of the annual sea salt aerosol number emissions in the high Arctic. Assuming similar size distribution as emissions from the open ocean, leads account for 30 %–85 % of mass emissions in sea ice regions. The total annual mass of sea salt emitted from leads, 0.1–1.9 Tg yr-1, is comparable to the mass of sea salt aerosol transported above sea ice from the open ocean, according to the MERRA-2 reanalysis. In addition to providing the first estimates of possible upper and lower bounds of sea spray emissions from leads, the conceptual model developed in this work is implemented and tested in the regional atmospheric chemistry model WRF-Chem. Given the estimates obtained in this work, the impact of sea spray from leads on Arctic clouds and radiative budget needs to be further explored.
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insu-04571804 , version 1 (08-05-2024)

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Rémy Lapere, Louis Marelle, Pierre Rampal, Laurent Brodeau, Christian Melsheimer, et al.. Modeling the contribution of leads to sea spray aerosol in the high Arctic. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, 2024, ⟨10.5194/egusphere-2024-1271⟩. ⟨insu-04571804⟩
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