Radiation-induced alteration of apatite on the surface of Mars: first in situ observations with SuperCam Raman onboard Perseverance - INSU - Institut national des sciences de l'Univers Access content directly
Journal Articles Scientific Reports Year : 2024

Radiation-induced alteration of apatite on the surface of Mars: first in situ observations with SuperCam Raman onboard Perseverance

Elise Clavé (1) , Olivier Beyssac (2) , Sylvain Bernard (2) , Clément Royer (3, 4) , G Lopez-Reyes (5) , S Schröder (1) , K Rammelkamp (1) , Olivier Forni (6) , Amaury Fau (6) , Agnes Cousin (6) , J A Manrique (5) , Ann Ollila (7) , Juan M Madariaga (8) , Julene Aramendia (8) , Shiv K Sharma (9) , T Fornaro (10) , Sylvestre Maurice (6) , Roger C Wiens (3) , Tayro Acosta-Maeda (9) , Christophe Agard (11) , Fernando Alberquilla (8) , Cesar Alvarez Llamas (12) , Ryan Anderson (13) , Daniel Applin (14) , Julene Aramendia (8) , Gorka Arana (8) , Roberta Beal (7) , Pierre Beck (15) , Candice Bedford (3) , Karim Benzerara (2) , Sylvain Bernard (2) , Pernelle Bernardi (16) , Tanguy Bertrand (16) , Olivier Beyssac (2) , Thierry Bloch (11) , Jean-Yves Bonnet (11) , Bruno Bousquet (17) , Abderrahmane Boustelitane (11) , Magali Bouyssou Mann (11) , Matthew Brand (7) , Philippe Cais (18) , Gwenael Caravaca (6) , Kepa Castro Ortiz de Pinedo (8) , Charlene Cazalla (11) , Antoine Charpentier (11) , Baptiste Chide (7) , Elise Clavé (7) , Samuel Clegg (7) , Ed Cloutis (14) , Leire Coloma (8) , Jade Comellas (9) , Stephanie Connell (3, 14) , Agnes Cousin (6) , Lauren Deflores (19) , Erwin Dehouck (20) , Dot Delapp (7) , Tomas Delgado Perez (12) , Robin Deron (11) , Christophe Donny (11) , Alain Doressoundiram (16) , Gilles Dromart (20) , Ari Essunfeld (7) , Cecile Fabre (21) , Amaury Fau (6) , Woodward Fischer (22) , Hugo Follic (23) , Olivier Forni (6) , Thierry Fouchet (16) , Raymond Francis (19) , Jens Frydenvang (24) , Travis Gabriel (13) , Zachary Gallegos (25) , Cristina García-Florentino (8) , Patrick Gasda (7) , Olivier Gasnault (6) , Erin Gibbons (26) , Martin Gillier (27) , Laura Gomez (12) , Sofia Gonzalez (5) , John Grotzinger (28) , Jennifer Huidobro (8) , Xavier Jacob (28) , Jeffrey Johnson (29) , Hemani Kalucha (22) , Evan Kelly (9) , Elise Knutsen (4) , Gaetan Lacombe (4) , Florentin Lamarque (11) , Nina Lanza (7) , Carene Larmat (7) , Javier Laserna (12) , Jeremie Lasue (6) , Laetitia Le Deit (30) , Stephane Le Mouelic (30) , Chip Legett (7) , Richard Leveille (25) , Eric Lewin (31) , Cynthia Little (32) , Mattéo Loche (6) , Guillermo Lopez Reyes (5) , Ralph Lorenz (29) , Eric Lorigny (11) , Juan Manuel Madariaga (8) , Morten Madsen (24) , Lucia Mandon (15, 22) , Henry Manelski (3) , Nicolas Mangold (33) , Jose Manrique Martinez (5) , Noah Martin (7) , Jesus Martinez Frias (34) , Sylvestre Maurice (6) , Timothy Mcconnochie (35) , Scott Mclennan (36) , Noureddine Melikechi (33) , Pierre-Yves Meslin (6) , Frederique Meunier (11) , David Mimoun (27) , Gilles Montagnac (20) , Franck Montmessin (4) , Javier Moros (12) , Valerie Mousset (11) , Naomi Murdoch (27) , Tony Nelson (7) , Ray Newell (7) , Cécile Nicolas (23) , Horton Newsom (25) , Colleen O’shea (29) , Ann Ollila (7) , Philippe Pantalacci (11) , Jonathan Parmentier (11) , Laurent Peret (11) , Pascal Perrachon (11) , Paolo Pilleri (6) , C. Pilorget (37) , Patrick Pinet (6) , Iratxe Poblacion (8) , Francois Poulet (37) , Cathy Quantin Nataf (20) , William Rapin (6) , Ivan Reyes (5) , Laurent Rigaud (11) , Scott Robinson (32) , Ludovic Rochas (11) , Margaret Root (7) , Eloise Ropert (6) , Léa Rouverand (11) , Clément Royer (3, 16) , Fernando Rull Perez (5) , David Said (38) , Pierre Sans-Jofre (2) , Susanne Schroeder (1) , Fabian Seel (1) , Shiv K Sharma (9) , Amanda Sheridan (7) , Pablo Sobron Sanchez (39) , Aurélien Stcherbinine (6) , Alex Stott (27) , Michael Toplis (6) , Nathalie Turenne (15) , Marco Veneranda (5) , Dawn Venhaus (7) , Roger C Wiens (3) , Uriah Wolf (7) , Allison Zastrow (7)
1 DLR Institute of Optical Sensor Systems
2 IMPMC - Institut de minéralogie, de physique des matériaux et de cosmochimie
3 EAPS - Department of Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences [West Lafayette]
4 PLANETO - LATMOS
5 ERICA - Espectroscopía Raman e Infrarroja aplicado a Cosmogeoquímica y Astrobiología
6 IRAP - Institut de recherche en astrophysique et planétologie
7 LANL - Los Alamos National Laboratory
8 Department of Analytical Chemistry [Leioa]
9 HIGP - Hawaii Institute of Geophysics and Planetology
10 OAA - INAF - Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri
11 CNES - Centre National d'Études Spatiales [Toulouse]
12 Universidad de Málaga [Málaga] = University of Málaga [Málaga]
13 US Geological Survey [Flagstaff]
14 University of Winnipeg
15 IPAG - Institut de Planétologie et d'Astrophysique de Grenoble
16 LESIA - Laboratoire d'études spatiales et d'instrumentation en astrophysique = Laboratory of Space Studies and Instrumentation in Astrophysics
17 ICMCB - Institut de Chimie de la Matière Condensée de Bordeaux
18 LAB - Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Bordeaux [Pessac]
19 JPL - Jet Propulsion Laboratory
20 LGL-TPE - Laboratoire de Géologie de Lyon - Terre, Planètes, Environnement
21 GeoRessources
22 CALTECH - California Institute of Technology
23 Atos
24 ITU - IT University of Copenhagen
25 The University of New Mexico [Albuquerque]
26 McGill University = Université McGill [Montréal, Canada]
27 ISAE-SUPAERO - Institut Supérieur de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace
28 IMFT - Institut de mécanique des fluides de Toulouse
29 APL - Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory [Laurel, MD]
30 LPG - Laboratoire de Planétologie et Géosciences [UMR_C 6112]
31 ISTerre - Institut des Sciences de la Terre
32 PSI - Planetary Science Institute [Tucson]
33 UMass Lowell - University of Massachusetts [Lowell]
34 CSIC - Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas [España] = Spanish National Research Council [Spain]
35 SSI - Space Science Institute [Boulder]
36 SBU - Stony Brook University [SUNY]
37 IAS - Institut d'astrophysique spatiale
38 Telespazio
39 SETI Institute
Cecile Fabre
  • Function : Author
Hugo Follic
  • Function : Author
Elise Knutsen
  • Function : Author
Gaetan Lacombe
Franck Montmessin
Cécile Nicolas
  • Function : Author
C. Pilorget
David Said
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Planetary exploration relies considerably on mineral characterization to advance our understanding of the solar system, the planets and their evolution. Thus, we must understand past and present processes that can alter materials exposed on the surface, affecting space mission data. Here, we analyze the first dataset monitoring the evolution of a known mineral target in situ on the Martian surface, brought there as a SuperCam calibration target onboard the Perseverance rover. We used Raman spectroscopy to monitor the crystalline state of a synthetic apatite sample over the first 950 Martian days (sols) of the Mars2020 mission. We note significant variations in the Raman spectra acquired on this target, specifically a decrease in the relative contribution of the Raman signal to the total signal. These observations are consistent with the results of a UV‑irradiation test performed in the laboratory under conditions mimicking ambient Martian conditions. We conclude that the observed evolution reflects an alteration of the material, specifically the creation of electronic defects, due to its exposure to the Martian environment and, in particular, UV irradiation. This ongoing process of alteration of the Martian surface needs to be taken into account for mineralogical space mission data analysis.
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Dates and versions

insu-04598620 , version 1 (03-06-2024)

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Elise Clavé, Olivier Beyssac, Sylvain Bernard, Clément Royer, G Lopez-Reyes, et al.. Radiation-induced alteration of apatite on the surface of Mars: first in situ observations with SuperCam Raman onboard Perseverance. Scientific Reports, 2024, 14, pp.11284. ⟨10.1038/s41598-024-61494-5⟩. ⟨insu-04598620⟩
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