First paleomagnetic and 40Ar/39Ar study of Paleoproterozoic rocks from the French Guyana (Camopi and Oyapok rivers), northeastern Guyana Shield - INSU - Institut national des sciences de l'Univers Access content directly
Journal Articles Precambrian Research Year : 2001

First paleomagnetic and 40Ar/39Ar study of Paleoproterozoic rocks from the French Guyana (Camopi and Oyapok rivers), northeastern Guyana Shield

Abstract

In order to understand the Paleoproterozoic geographic evolution of the Guyana Shield, paleomagnetic and 40Ar/39Ar investigations were carried out on granitoids and volcano-sedimentary rocks from the Oyapok and Camopi rivers (French Guyana–Brazil frontier). Scanning electronic microscope, thermomagnetic and isothermomagnetic experiments show that magnetite is the main magnetic remanent carrier in most of the samples. The metavolcano-sedimentary rocks (Paramaca) show a weak magnetization and scattered magnetic directions. Therefore, no reliable magnetic component could be isolated from these samples. Samples taken from tonalite and meta-ultrabasite rocks yield a characteristic magnetic direction, carried by subautomorphous magnetite, that is well defined and distinct from that of the present Earth field and that of nearby Jurassic dikes. A virtual geomagnetic pole (VGP) deduced from this probable primary remanence was calculated, namely pole OYA, λ=28.0°S, φ=346.0°E, N=5, k=31.9 and A95=13.8°. Four 40Ar/39Ar ages, ranging from 2052 to 1973 Ma, were obtained from amphiboles and biotites of tonalite rocks, showing a relatively slow cooling rate of ca 4.8+2.6/−2.1°C Ma−1. The linear extrapolation of this cooling rate to the magnetite unblocking temperature (540 to 580°C) yields a magnetization age of 2036±14 Ma for pole OYA. Pole OYA differs significantly from available paleomagnetic results from Venezuela of the West Guyana Shield dated at 2000±10 Ma. This difference may indicate an important latitudinal movement of the Guyana Shield between 2036 and 2000 Ma with a velocity of 9±7 cm/year.

Domains

Tectonics
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Dates and versions

hal-00089808 , version 1 (13-11-2006)

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Sébastien Nomade, Yan Chen, G. Féraud, André Pouclet, Hervé Théveniaut. First paleomagnetic and 40Ar/39Ar study of Paleoproterozoic rocks from the French Guyana (Camopi and Oyapok rivers), northeastern Guyana Shield. Precambrian Research, 2001, 109, pp.239-256. ⟨10.1016/S0301-9268(01)00149-8⟩. ⟨hal-00089808⟩
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