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Conference Papers Year : 2006

Dications in the planetary ionospheres


The planetary ionosphere models usually consider singly charged ions only and neglect doubly charged ions and especially the molecular ones since they were thought to be unstable in ionospheric conditions. Generally speaking, doubly charged ions are difficult to detect by mass spectrometry because their q/m number is the same as other more abundant ions. Therefore, only 0++ have already been identified in Earth and Venus' atmospheres. Due to recent and dedicated laboratory experiments on reaction rates and cross sections, specific models of doubly charged ions -atomic and molecular- have been developed for the Earth, Mars, Titan and Venus. In this communication, we shall: - explain why these ions are of interest; - review which ions have been detected, and where; - review the relevant ion-neutral photo-chemistry, the laboratory measurements, and the current models.
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Dates and versions

insu-00358022 , version 1 (02-02-2009)


  • HAL Id : insu-00358022 , version 1


Jean Lilensten, Olivier Witasse, Cyril Simon, Guillaume Gronoff, Roland Thissen, et al.. Dications in the planetary ionospheres. European Planetary Science Congress 2006, 2006, Berlin, Germany. ⟨insu-00358022⟩
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