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Journal Articles The American Mineralogist Year : 2010

Structure of nanocrystalline phyllomanganates produced by freshwater fungi

Abstract

The crystal structures of biogenic Mn oxides produced by three fungal strains isolated from stream pebbles were determined using chemical analyses, XANES and EXAFS spectroscopy, and powder X-ray diffraction. The fungi-mediated oxidation of aqueous Mn2+ produces layered Mn oxides analogous to vernadite, a natural nanostructured and turbostratic variety of birnessite. The crystallites have domain dimensions of ~10 nm in the layer plane (equivalent to ~35 MnO6 octahedra), and ~1.5-2.2 nm perpendicularly (equivalent to ~2-3 layers), on average. The layers have hexagonal symmetry and from 22 to 30% vacant octahedral sites. This proportion likely includes edge sites, given the extremely small lateral size of the layers. The layer charge deficit, resulting from the missing layer Mn4+ cations, is balanced mainly by interlayer Mn3+ cations in triple-corner sharing position above and/or below vacant layer octahedra. The high surface area, defective crystal structure, and mixed Mn valence confer to these bio-minerals an extremely high chemical reactivity. They serve in the environment as sorption substrate for trace elements and possess catalytic redox properties.
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Dates and versions

insu-00544688 , version 1 (09-11-2011)

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Sylvain Grangeon, Bruno Lanson, Naoyuki Miyata, Yukinori Tani, Alain Manceau. Structure of nanocrystalline phyllomanganates produced by freshwater fungi. The American Mineralogist, 2010, 95 (11-12), pp.1608-1616. ⟨10.2138/am.2010.3516⟩. ⟨insu-00544688⟩
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