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Journal Articles Science Year : 2010

Large Variations in Southern Hemisphere Biomass Burning During the Last 650 Years

Abstract

We present a 650-year Antarctic ice core record of concentration and isotopic ratios ([delta]13C and [delta]18O) of atmospheric carbon monoxide. Concentrations decreased by ~25% (14 parts per billion by volume) from the mid-1300s to the 1600s then recovered completely by the late 1800s. [delta]13C and [delta]18O decreased by about 2 and 4 per mil ([per mille sign]), respectively, from the mid-1300s to the 1600s then increased by about 2.5 and 4[per mille sign] by the late 1800s. These observations and isotope mass balance model results imply that large variations in the degree of biomass burning in the Southern Hemisphere occurred during the last 650 years, with a decrease by about 50% in the 1600s, an increase of about 100% by the late 1800s, and another decrease by about 70% from the late 1800s to present day.

Domains

Geomorphology

Dates and versions

insu-00653794 , version 1 (20-12-2011)

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Cite

Z. Wang, Jerome Chappellaz, K. Park, J. E. Mak. Large Variations in Southern Hemisphere Biomass Burning During the Last 650 Years. Science, 2010, 330 (6011), pp.1663-1666. ⟨10.1126/science.1197257⟩. ⟨insu-00653794⟩
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