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Journal Articles Journal of the Acoustical Society of America Year : 2011

Sliding dynamic studies by use of elastography

Soumaya Latour
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Michel Campillo
Éric Larose


To get an insight into the processes underlying dynamic friction that plays an important role in seismic sources, we developed a sliding dynamic experiment coupled to elastography imaging. This experimental setup permits to observe simultaneously the frictional interface and the waves emitted in the bulk during slipping. We use soft solids made of hydro-organic gel of PVA, in contact with either glass or sandpaper. The huge interest of such soft solids is that elastography allows to observe in real time the rupture nucleation and propagation, as well as shear waves themselves inside the medium. We investigate the friction in two different cases. In the case of friction on sand paper, links are formed between the gel and the sand paper by local pinning. The breaking of these links emits a characteristic wave pattern, and their occurrence is related to the local sliding velocity. In a very different way, when the gel slide on a glass surface, with an interlayer of sand grains, the slip occurs as successive rupture events, with a rupture front crossing the whole surface. We can study then the rupture velocity, and in the cases of ruptures faster than the shear wave velocity, we observe a Mach cone of shear waves.


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Dates and versions

insu-00681996 , version 1 (23-03-2012)



Soumaya Latour, Stefan Catheline, Michel Campillo, François Renard, Christophe Voisin, et al.. Sliding dynamic studies by use of elastography. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 2011, 130 (4), p.2513. ⟨10.1121/1.3655012⟩. ⟨insu-00681996⟩
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