The interaction between Aegean back-arc extension and Anatolia escape since Middle Miocene - INSU - Institut national des sciences de l'Univers Access content directly
Journal Articles Tectonophysics Year : 2014

The interaction between Aegean back-arc extension and Anatolia escape since Middle Miocene

Jean-Pierre Brun
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 840706
Frédéric Gueydan
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 934456

Abstract

The Aegean domain is a key area for understanding the processes of back-arc extension. Observed deformation pattern and present day kinematics result from the interaction between the southward retreat of the Hellenic trench and the westward escape of Anatolia. Lithosphere-scale analogue models were employed to display that the overall pattern of Aegean extension requires not only the combination of trench retreat and Anatolia escape since middle Miocene but also the presence of an inherited lithosphere-scale mechanical discontinuity: the Vardar Suture Zone (VSZ). The reactivation in dextral shear of the eastern branch of the VSZ accommodates both the trench retreat (NS stretching) and the westward escape of Anatolia (EW shortening) in the Cyclades area since middle Miocene. Additionally, our model shows that the North Anatolian Fault (NAF) is a late structure in the evolution of the Aegean, initiated around 10 Ma after the onset of Anatolia escape. The displacement field at the surface of the model allows the identification of sub-domains, which result from strain partitioning instead of being "rigid microplates", directly comparable to the present-day displacement field (GPS) of the Aegean and western Anatolia. Our model provides a simple but powerful way to look at the dynamics of Aegean extension in two main stages. From middle Eocene to middle Miocene, extension was only driven by the southward retreat of the Hellenic trench at a rate lower than 1 cm*y− 1. Since middle Miocene, the combination of slab rollback with Anatolia westward escape resulted in a southwest direction of trench retreat, with an accelerating rate of up to 3 cm*y− 1.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
Philippon-brun-tect-2014-HAL.pdf (1.06 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origin Files produced by the author(s)
Loading...

Dates and versions

insu-01066042 , version 1 (19-09-2014)

Identifiers

Cite

Melody Philippon, Jean-Pierre Brun, Frédéric Gueydan, Dimitrios Sokoutis. The interaction between Aegean back-arc extension and Anatolia escape since Middle Miocene. Tectonophysics, 2014, 631, pp.176-188. ⟨10.1016/j.tecto.2014.04.039⟩. ⟨insu-01066042⟩
178 View
769 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Mastodon Facebook X LinkedIn More