Improving the understanding of fullerene (nC60) aggregate structures: Fractal dimension characterization by static light scattering coupled to asymmetrical flow field flow fractionation - INSU - Institut national des sciences de l'Univers Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Colloid and Interface Science Year : 2017

Improving the understanding of fullerene (nC60) aggregate structures: Fractal dimension characterization by static light scattering coupled to asymmetrical flow field flow fractionation

Abstract

Fullerene (C60) aggregation mechanisms in aqueous media require considerable attention in the near future due to the heavy use and application of fullerene-based products within the context of nanotechnology. Such intensive development will result in the release of massive amounts of C60 in aqueous environmental systems in the aggregate form (nC60). In that sense, the aggregation mechanisms need to be fully determined to better evaluate the environmental fate and behavior of C60. To fulfil these needs, the aim of this work was to extensively characterize the aggregation mechanisms of fullerene aggregates in aqueous media by asymmetrical flow field fractionation (AF4) coupled to static light scattering (SLS). We developed a sequential ultrafiltration method that allows the fractionation of the whole nC60 size distribution into different size classes (1–100–200–450–800 nm). Following a preliminary analysis by dynamic light scattering (DLS), we optimized several AF4 separation methods to allow screening of these colloidal size classes of nC60 with high efficiency and resolution. The fractal dimension (Df) of this entire size class was characterized directly on-line according to the radius of gyration through a combination of angle-dependent light scattering and fractal dimension analysis. We demonstrate the possible formation and persistence of colloidal populations of nC60 in aqueous media from a few nanometers up to 800 nm. Df values ranging from 1.2 to 2.8, based on the nC60 colloidal size range, strongly depend on the method of the sample filtration.
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Dates and versions

insu-01524636 , version 1 (18-05-2017)

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Julien Gigault, Bruno Grassl. Improving the understanding of fullerene (nC60) aggregate structures: Fractal dimension characterization by static light scattering coupled to asymmetrical flow field flow fractionation. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 2017, 502, pp.193-200. ⟨10.1016/j.jcis.2017.05.001⟩. ⟨insu-01524636⟩
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