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Journal Articles Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems Year : 2016

Performance benchmarks for a next generation numerical dynamo model

Hiroaki Matsui
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Eric M. Heien
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Julien Aubert
Jonathan Aurnou
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Margaret Avery
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Ben Brown
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Bruce A Buffett
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Friedrich Busse
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Ulrich R Christensen
Christopher J Davies
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Nicholas Featherstone
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Thomas Gastine
Gary A Glatzmaier
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David Gubbins
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Jean-Luc Guermond
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Yoshi-Yuki Hayashi
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Rainer Hollerbach
Lorraine J Hwang
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Andrew Jackson
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Chris A Jones
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Weiyuan Jiang
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Louise H Kellogg
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Weijia Kuang
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Maylis Landeau
Philippe Marti
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Peter Olson
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Adolfo Ribeiro
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Youhei Sasaki
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Nathanaël Schaeffer
Radostin D Simitev
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Andrey Sheyko
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Luis Silva
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Sabine Stanley
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Futoshi Takahashi
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Shin-Ichi Takehiro
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Johannes Wicht
Ashley P Willis
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Abstract

Numerical simulations of the geodynamo have successfully represented many observable characteristics of the geomagnetic field, yielding insight into the fundamental processes that generate magnetic fields in the Earth's core. Because of limited spatial resolution, however, the diffusivities in numerical dynamo models are much larger than those in the Earth's core, and consequently, questions remain about how realistic these models are. The typical strategy used to address this issue has been to continue to increase the resolution of these quasi-laminar models with increasing computational resources, thus pushing them toward more realistic parameter regimes. We assess which methods are most promising for the next generation of supercomputers, which will offer access to O(10 6) processor cores for large problems. Here we report performance and accuracy benchmarks from 15 dynamo codes that employ a range of numerical and parallelization methods. Computational performance is assessed on the basis of weak and strong scaling behavior up to 16,384 processor cores. Extrapolations of our weak-scaling results indicate that dynamo codes that employ two-dimensional or three-dimensional domain decompositions can perform efficiently on up to $10 6 processor cores, paving the way for more realistic simulations in the next model generation.
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Dates and versions

insu-01857606 , version 1 (16-08-2018)

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Hiroaki Matsui, Eric M. Heien, Julien Aubert, Jonathan Aurnou, Margaret Avery, et al.. Performance benchmarks for a next generation numerical dynamo model. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 2016, 17 (5), pp.1586-1607. ⟨10.1002/2015GC006159⟩. ⟨insu-01857606⟩
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