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Journal Articles Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Year : 2022

Polar stratospheric nitric acid depletion surveyed from a decadal dataset of IASI total columns

Abstract

Inthispaper,weexploitthefirst10-yeardatarecord(2008–2017)ofnitricacid(HNO3)totalcolumns measured by the IASI-A/MetOp infrared sounder, characterized by an exceptional daily sampling and a good vertical sensitivity in the lower-to-mid stratosphere (around 50 hPa), to monitor the relationship between the temperature decrease and the observed HNO3 loss that occurs each year in the Antarctic stratosphere during the polar night. Since the HNO3 depletion results from the formation of polar stratospheric clouds (PSCs), which trigger the development of the ozone (O3) hole, its continuous monitoring is of high importance. We verify here, from the 10-year time evolution of HNO3 together with temperature (taken from reanalysis at 50 hPa), the recurrence of specific regimes in the annual cycle of IASI HNO3 and identify (for each year) the day and the 50 hPa temperature (“drop temperature”) corresponding to the onset of strong HNO3 depletion in the Antarctic winter. Although the measured HNO3 total column does not allow for the uptake of HNO3 by different types of PSC particles along the vertical profile to be differentiated, an average drop temperature of 194.2 ± 3.8 K, close to the nitric acid trihydrate (NAT) existence threshold (∼ 195 K at 50 hPa), is found in the region of potential vorticity lower than −10 × 10−5 K m2 kg−1 s−1 (similar to the 70–90◦ S equivalent latitude region during winter). The spatial distribution and interannual variability of the drop temperature are investigated and discussed. This paper highlights the capability of the IASI sounder to monitor the evolution of polar stratospheric HNO3, a key player in the processes involved in the depletion of stratospheric O3.
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Dates and versions

insu-02911744 , version 1 (04-08-2020)
insu-02911744 , version 2 (31-08-2022)

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Catherine Wespes, Gaétane Ronsmans, Lieven Clarisse, Susan Solomon, Daniel Hurtmans, et al.. Polar stratospheric nitric acid depletion surveyed from a decadal dataset of IASI total columns. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 2022, 22 (16), pp.10993-11007. ⟨10.5194/acp-22-10993-2022⟩. ⟨insu-02911744v2⟩
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