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Journal Articles Chemical Geology Year : 2018

The stable strontium isotopic composition of ocean island basalts, mid-ocean ridge basalts, and komatiites

Abstract

Ocean island basalts Mid-ocean ridge basalts Komatiites Kilauea Iki Bulk silicate earth A B S T R A C T The radiogenic 87 Rb-87 Sr system has been widely applied to the study of geological and planetary processes. In contrast, the stable Sr isotopic composition of the bulk silicate Earth (BSE) and the effects of igneous differentiation on stable Sr isotopes are not well-established. Here we report the stable Sr isotope (88 Sr/ 86 Sr, reported as δ 88/86 Sr, in parts per mil relative to NIST SRM 987) compositions for ocean islands basalts (OIB), mid-ocean ridge basalts (MORB) and komatiites from a variety of locations. Stable Sr isotopes display limited fractionation in a OIB sample suite from the Kilauea Iki lava lake suggesting that igneous processes have limited effect on stable Sr isotope fractionation (± 0.12‰ over 20% MgO variation; 2sd). In addition, OIB (δ 88/ 86 Sr = 0.16-0.46‰; average 0.28 ± 0.17‰), MORB (δ 88/86 Sr = 0.27-0.34‰; average 0.31 ± 0.05‰) and komatiites (δ 88/86 Sr = 0.20-0.97‰; average 0.41 ± 0.16‰) from global localities exhibit broadly similar Sr stable isotopic compositions. Heavy stable Sr isotope compositions (δ 88/86 Sr > 0.5‰) in some Barberton Greenstone belt komatiites may reflect Archean seawater alteration or metamorphic processes and preferential removal of the lighter isotopes of Sr. To first order, the similarity among OIBs from three different ocean basins suggests homogeneity of stable Sr isotopes in the mantle. Earth's mantle stable Sr isotopic composition is established from the data on OIB, MORB and komatiites to be δ 88/86 Sr = 0.30 ± 0.02‰ (2sd). The BSE δ 88/86 Sr value is identical, within uncertainties, to the composition of carbonaceous chondrites (δ 88/ 86 Sr = 0.29 ± 0.06‰; 2sd) measured in this study.
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insu-02917170 , version 1 (18-08-2020)

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Elsa Amsellem, Frédéric Moynier, James M.D. Day, Manuel Moreira, Igor Puchtel, et al.. The stable strontium isotopic composition of ocean island basalts, mid-ocean ridge basalts, and komatiites. Chemical Geology, 2018, 483, pp.595-602. ⟨10.1016/j.chemgeo.2018.03.030⟩. ⟨insu-02917170⟩
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