EUREC<sup>4</sup>A observations from the SAFIRE ATR42 aircraft - INSU - Institut national des sciences de l'Univers Access content directly
Journal Articles Earth System Science Data Year : 2022

EUREC4A observations from the SAFIRE ATR42 aircraft

Marie Lothon
Julien Delanoë
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Cyrille Flamant
Bjorn Stevens

Abstract

As part of the EUREC 4 A (Elucidating the role of cloud-circulation coupling in climate) field campaign, which took place in January and February 2020 over the western tropical Atlantic near Barbados, the French SAFIRE ATR42 research aircraft conducted 19 flights in the lower troposphere. Each flight followed a common flight pattern that sampled the atmosphere around the cloud-base level, at different heights of the subcloud layer, near the sea surface and in the lower free troposphere. The aircraft's payload included a backscatter lidar and a Doppler cloud radar that were both horizontally oriented, a Doppler 5 cloud radar looking upward, microphysical probes, a cavity ring-down spectrometer for water isotopes, a multiwavelength radiometer, a visible camera and multiple meteorological sensors, including fast rate sensors for turbulence measurements. With this instrumentation, the ATR characterized the macrophysical and microphysical properties of trade-wind clouds together with their thermodynamical, turbulent and radiative environment. This paper presents the airborne operations, the flight segmentation, the instrumentation, the data processing and the EUREC 4 A datasets produced from the ATR measurements. It 10 shows that the ATR measurements of humidity, wind and cloud-base cloud fraction measured with different techniques and samplings are internally consistent, that meteorological measurements are consistent with estimates from dropsondes launched from an overflying aircraft (HALO), and that water isotopic measurements are well correlated with data from the Barbados Cloud Observatory. This consistency demonstrates the robustness of the ATR measurements of humidity, wind, cloud-base 1
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Dates and versions

insu-03517872 , version 1 (08-01-2022)
insu-03517872 , version 2 (11-05-2022)

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Sandrine Bony, Marie Lothon, Julien Delanoë, Pierre Coutris, Jean-Claude Etienne, et al.. EUREC4A observations from the SAFIRE ATR42 aircraft. Earth System Science Data, 2022, 14 (4), pp.2021-2064. ⟨10.5194/essd-14-2021-2022⟩. ⟨insu-03517872v2⟩
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