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Journal Articles Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta Year : 2000

Forsterite surface composition in aqueous solutions: a combined potentiometric, electrokinetic, and spectroscopic approach

Oleg Pokrovsky
Jacques Schott
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Surfaces of natural and synthetic forsterite (Fo 91 and Fo 100) in aqueous solutions at 25°C were investigated using surface titrations in batch and limited residence time reactors, column filtration experiments, electrokinetic measurements (streaming potential and electrophoresis techniques), Diffuse Reflectance Infrared Spectroscopy (DRIFT), and X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS). At pH < 9, a Mg-depleted, Si-rich layer (<20 Å thick) is formed on the forsterite surface due to a Mg 2+ ↔ H + exchange reaction. Electrokinetic measurements yield a pH IEP value of 4.5 corresponding to the dominance of SiO 2 in the surface layer at pH < 9. In contrast, surface titrations of fresh powders give an apparent pH PZC of about 10 with the development of a large positive charge (up to 10 -4 mol/m 2 or 10 C/m 2) in the acid pH region. This may be explained by penetration of H + into the first unit cells of forsterite surface. The surface charge of acid-reacted forsterite is one or two orders of magnitude lower than that of unreacted forsterite with an apparent pH PZC at around 6.5 and a pH IEP value of 2.1 which is close to that for amorphous silica and reflects the formation of a silica-rich layer on the surface. XPS analyses indicate the penetration of hydrogen into the surface and the polymerization of silica tetrahedra in this leached layer. At pH > 10, a Si-deficient, Mg-rich surface layer is formed as shown by XPS analyses and the preferential Si release from the surface during column filtration experiments.

Dates and versions

insu-03642934 , version 1 (15-04-2022)

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Oleg Pokrovsky, Jacques Schott. Forsterite surface composition in aqueous solutions: a combined potentiometric, electrokinetic, and spectroscopic approach. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 2000, 64, pp.3299-3312. ⟨10.1016/S0016-7037(00)00435-X⟩. ⟨insu-03642934⟩

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