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Journal Articles Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society Year : 2022

The small boxy/peanut structure of the Milky Way traced by old stars

Marcin Semczuk
  • Function : Author
Walter Dehnen
  • Function : Author
Ralph Schönrich
  • Function : Author

Abstract

We analyse the positions of RR Lyrae stars in the central region of the Milky Way. In addition to the overall bar shape detected previously, we find evidence for a peanut shaped structure, in form of overdensities near ℓ = -2 and 1° at b ~ -3.5°. The corresponding physical distance between the two peaks of the peanut is $\sim 0.7\,$ kpc, significantly shorter than that found from near-IR images (3.3 kpc) and red-clump stars. Qualitatively this is expected from 'fractionation' of bar orbits, which we demonstrate to be matched in a simulation of an inside-out growing disc subsequently forming a bar.
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insu-03667479 , version 1 (07-04-2023)

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Marcin Semczuk, Walter Dehnen, Ralph Schönrich, E. Athanassoula. The small boxy/peanut structure of the Milky Way traced by old stars. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 2022, 509, pp.4532-4537. ⟨10.1093/mnras/stab3294⟩. ⟨insu-03667479⟩
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