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Journal Articles Surveys in Geophysics Year : 2019

Satellite Altimetry Measurements of Sea Level in the Coastal Zone


Satellite radar altimetry provides a unique sea level data set that extends over more than 25 years back in time and that has an almost global coverage. However, when approaching the coasts, the extraction of correct sea level estimates is challenging due to corrupted waveforms and to errors in most of the corrections and in some auxiliary information used in the data processing. The development of methods dedicated to the improvement of altimeter data in the coastal zone dates back to the 1990s, but the major progress happened during the last decade thanks to progress in radar technology [e.g., synthetic aperture radar (SAR) mode and Ka-band frequency], improved waveform retracking algorithms, the availability of new/improved corrections (e.g., wet troposphere and tidal models) and processing workflows oriented to the coastal zone. Today, a set of techniques exists for the processing of coastal altimetry data, generally called "coastal altimetry." They have been used to generate coastal altimetry products. Altimetry is now recognized as part of the integrated observing system devoted to coastal sea level monitoring. In this article, we review the recent technical advances in processing and the new technological capabilities of satellite radar altimetry in the coastal zone. We also illustrate the fast-growing use of coastal altimetry data sets in coastal sea level research and applications, as high-frequency (tides and storm surge) and long-term sea level change studies.
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insu-03670750 , version 1 (17-05-2022)



Stefano Vignudelli, Florence Birol, Jérôme Benveniste, Lee-Lueng Fu, Nicolas Picot, et al.. Satellite Altimetry Measurements of Sea Level in the Coastal Zone. Surveys in Geophysics, 2019, 40, pp.1319-1349. ⟨10.1007/s10712-019-09569-1⟩. ⟨insu-03670750⟩
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