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Journal Articles Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society Year : 2017

Modelling the 3D physical structure of astrophysical sources with gass

Abstract

The era of interferometric observations leads to the need of a more and more precise description of physical structures and dynamics of star-forming regions, from pre-stellar cores to protoplanetary discs. The molecular emission can be traced in multiple physical components such as infalling envelopes, outflows and protoplanetary discs. To compare with the observations, a precise and complex radiative transfer modelling of these regions is needed. We present gass (Generator of Astrophysical Sources Structure), a code that allows us to generate the three-dimensional (3D) physical structure model of astrophysical sources. From the gass graphical interface, the user easily creates different components such as spherical envelopes, outflows and discs. The physical properties of these components are modelled thanks to dedicated graphical interfaces that display various figures in order to help the user and facilitate the modelling task. For each component, the code randomly generates points in a 3D grid with a sample probability weighted by the molecular density. The created models can be used as the physical structure input for 3D radiative transfer codes to predict the molecular line or continuum emission. An analysis of the output hyper-spectral cube given by such radiative transfer code can be made directly in gass using the various post-treatment options implemented, such as calculation of moments or convolution with a beam. This makes gass well suited to model and analyse both interferometric and single-dish data. This paper is focused on the results given by the association of gass and lime, a 3D radiative transfer code, and we show that the complex geometry observed in star-forming regions can be adequately handled by gass+lime.
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Dates and versions

insu-03676988 , version 1 (24-05-2022)

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D. Quénard, S. Bottinelli, E. Caux. Modelling the 3D physical structure of astrophysical sources with gass. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 2017, 468, pp.685-702. ⟨10.1093/mnras/stx404⟩. ⟨insu-03676988⟩
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