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Journal Articles The Astrophysical Journal Year : 2016

Suprathermal Electrons in Titan’s Sunlit Ionosphere: Model-Observation Comparisons

E. Vigren
  • Function : Author
M. Galand
  • Function : Author
A. Wellbrock
  • Function : Author
A. J. Coates
  • Function : Author
J. Cui
  • Function : Author
N. J. T. Edberg
  • Function : Author
P. Lavvas
L. Sagnières
  • Function : Author
D. Snowden
  • Function : Author
J. -E. Wahlund
  • Function : Author


The dayside ionosphere of the Saturnian satellite Titan is generated mainly from photoionization of N2 and CH4. We compare model-derived suprathermal electron intensities with spectra measured by the Cassini Plasma Spectrometer/Electron Spectrometer (CAPS/ELS) in Titan's sunlit ionosphere (altitudes of 970-1250 km) focusing on the T40, T41, T42, and T48 Titan flybys by the Cassini spacecraft. The model accounts only for photoelectrons and associated secondary electrons, with a main input being the impinging solar EUV spectra as measured by the Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energy and Dynamics/Solar EUV Experiment and extrapolated to Saturn. Associated electron-impact electron production rates have been derived from ambient number densities of N2 and CH4 (measured by the Ion Neutral Mass Spectrometer/Closed Source Neutral mode) and related energy-dependent electron-impact ionization cross sections. When integrating up to electron energies of 60 eV, covering the bulk of the photoelectrons, the model-based values exceed the observationally based values typically by factors of ∼3 ± 1. This finding is possibly related to current difficulties in accurately reproducing the observed electron number densities in Titan's dayside ionosphere. We compare the utilized dayside CAPS/ELS spectra with ones measured in Titan's nightside ionosphere during the T55-T59 flybys. The investigated nightside locations were associated with higher fluxes of high-energy (>100 eV) electrons than the dayside locations. As expected, for similar neutral number densities, electrons with energies <60 eV give a higher relative contribution to the total electron-impact ionization rates on the dayside (due to the contribution from photoelectrons) than on the nightside.

Dates and versions

insu-03691530 , version 1 (09-06-2022)



E. Vigren, M. Galand, A. Wellbrock, A. J. Coates, J. Cui, et al.. Suprathermal Electrons in Titan’s Sunlit Ionosphere: Model-Observation Comparisons. The Astrophysical Journal, 2016, 826, ⟨10.3847/0004-637X/826/2/131⟩. ⟨insu-03691530⟩
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