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Journal Articles Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society Year : 2021

GW Ori: circumtriple rings and planets

Jeremy L. Smallwood
  • Function : Author
Rebecca Nealon
  • Function : Author
Cheng Chen
  • Function : Author
Rebecca G. Martin
  • Function : Author
Jiaqing Bi
  • Function : Author
Ruobing Dong
  • Function : Author


GW Ori is a hierarchical triple star system with a misaligned circumtriple protoplanetary disc. Recent Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array observations have identified three dust rings with a prominent gap at $100\, \rm au$ and misalignments between each of the rings. A break in the gas disc may be driven by the torque from either the triple star system or a planet that is massive enough to carve a gap in the disc. Once the disc is broken, the rings nodally precess on different time-scales and become misaligned. We investigate the origins of the dust rings by means of N-body integrations and 3D hydrodynamic simulations. We find that for observationally motivated parameters of protoplanetary discs, the disc does not break due to the torque from the star system. We suggest that the presence of a massive planet (or planets) in the disc separates the inner and outer discs. We conclude that the disc breaking in GW Ori is likely caused by undetected planets - the first planet(s) in a circumtriple orbit.
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insu-03705261 , version 1 (02-05-2023)



Jeremy L. Smallwood, Rebecca Nealon, Cheng Chen, Rebecca G. Martin, Jiaqing Bi, et al.. GW Ori: circumtriple rings and planets. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 2021, 508, pp.392-407. ⟨10.1093/mnras/stab2624⟩. ⟨insu-03705261⟩
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