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Journal Articles Communications Earth & Environment Year : 2021

Trans-lithospheric diapirism explains the presence of ultra-high pressure rocks in the European Variscides

Abstract

The classical concept of collisional orogens suggests that mountain belts form as a crustal wedge between the downgoing and overriding plates. However, this orogenic style is not compatible with the presence of (ultra-)high pressure crustal and mantle rocks far from the plate interface in the Bohemian Massif of Central Europe. Here we use a comparison between geological observations and thermo-mechanical numerical models to explain their formation. We suggest that continental crust was first deeply subducted, then flowed laterally underneath the lithosphere and eventually rose in the form of large partially molten trans-lithospheric diapirs. We further show that trans-lithospheric diapirism produces a specific rock association of (ultra-)high pressure crustal and mantle rocks and ultra-potassic magmas that alternates with the less metamorphosed rocks of the upper plate. Similar rock associations have been described in other convergent zones, both modern and ancient. We speculate that trans-lithospheric diapirism could be a common process.
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insu-03708186 , version 1 (29-06-2022)

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Petra Maierová, Karel Schulmann, Pavla Štípská, Taras Gerya, Ondrej Lexa. Trans-lithospheric diapirism explains the presence of ultra-high pressure rocks in the European Variscides. Communications Earth & Environment, 2021, 2, ⟨10.1038/s43247-021-00122-w⟩. ⟨insu-03708186⟩
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