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Journal Articles Atmospheric Environment Year : 2016

Multi-year levels and trends of non-methane hydrocarbon concentrations observed in ambient air in France

Antoine Waked
  • Function : Author
Stéphane Sauvage
Julie Gauduin
  • Function : Author
Cyril Pallares
  • Function : Author
Marie-Pierre Vagnot
  • Function : Author
Thierry Léonardis
  • Function : Author
Nadine Locoge

Abstract

Measurements of 31 non-methane hydrocarbons (NMHCs) were carried out at three urban (Paris, 2003-2014, Strasbourg, 2002-2014 and Lyon, 2007-2014) sites in France over the period of a decade. A trend analysis was applied by means of the Mann-Kendall non-parametric test to annual and seasonal mean concentrations in order to point out changes in specific emission sources and to assess the impact of emission controls and reduction strategies. The trends were compared to those from three rural sites (Peyrusse-Vieille, 2002-2013, Tardière, 2003-2013 and Donon, 1997-2007). The results obtained showed a significant yearly decrease in pollutant concentrations over the study period and for the majority of species in the range of -1 to -7% in accordance with the decrease of NMHC emissions in France (-5 to -9%). Concentrations of long-lived species such as ethane and propane which are recognized as tracers of distant sources and natural gas remained constant. Compounds associated with combustion processes such as acetylene, propene, ethylene and benzene showed a significant decline in the range of -2% to -5% yr-1. These trends are consistent with those recently described at urban and background sites in the northern mid-latitudes and with emission inventories. C7-C9 aromatics such as toluene and xylenes as well as C4-C5 alkanes such as isopentane and isobutane also showed a significant decrease in the range of -3% to -7% yr-1. The decreasing trends in terms of % yr-1 observed at these French urban sites were typically higher for acetylene, ethylene and benzene than those reported for French rural sites of the national observatory of Measurement and Evaluation in Rural areas of trans-boundary Air pollution (MERA). The study also highlighted the difficult choice of a long term sampling site representative of the general trends of pollutant concentrations.
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insu-03710553 , version 1 (30-06-2022)

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Antoine Waked, Stéphane Sauvage, Agnès Borbon, Julie Gauduin, Cyril Pallares, et al.. Multi-year levels and trends of non-methane hydrocarbon concentrations observed in ambient air in France. Atmospheric Environment, 2016, 141, pp.263-275. ⟨10.1016/j.atmosenv.2016.06.059⟩. ⟨insu-03710553⟩
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