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Journal Articles L'Astronomie Year : 2016

Galaxies et trous noirs supermassifs


A few percents of galaxies are classified as « active ». An active galaxy is a galaxy whose nucleus emits more energy than the whole galaxy in the form of electromagnetic radiation, relativistic particles, or mechanical energy. It is activated by a supermassive black hole fueled by matter falling on it, whose characteristics (Eddington luminosity, spin) are recalled. The class includes quasars and Seyfert galaxies. All massive "non active" galaxies contain a supermassive black hole, but there is not enough matter in its environment so as the nucleus becomes luminous.

Different items are considered in the paper : how supermassive black holes are fueled, the accretion disc, the jets and the winds, the unified model of active galaxies, how are determined the masses of supermassive black holes, and what is the relation between the evolution of galaxies and supermassive black holes.

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insu-03713170 , version 1 (04-07-2022)



Suzy Collin-Zahn. Galaxies et trous noirs supermassifs. L'Astronomie, 2016, 130, pp.38-47. ⟨insu-03713170⟩
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