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Journal Articles Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society Year : 2020

Insights into formation scenarios of massive early-type galaxies from spatially resolved stellar population analysis in CALIFA

Stefano Zibetti
  • Function : Author
Anna R. Gallazzi
  • Function : Author
Guido Consolandi
  • Function : Author
Jesús Falcón-Barroso
  • Function : Author
Glenn van de Ven
Mariya Lyubenova
  • Function : Author

Abstract

We perform spatially resolved stellar population analysis for a sample of 69 early-type galaxies (ETGs) from the CALIFA integral field spectroscopic survey, including 48 ellipticals and 21 S0's. We generate and quantitatively characterize profiles of light-weighted mean stellar age and metallicity within ≲2Re, as a function of radius and stellar-mass surface density μ*. We study in detail the dependence of profiles on galaxies' global properties, including velocity dispersion σe, stellar mass, morphology. ETGs are universally characterized by strong, negative metallicity gradients (∼ -0.3 dex per Re) within 1Re, which flatten out moving towards larger radii. A quasi-universal local μ*-metallicity relation emerges, which displays a residual systematic dependence on σe, whereby higher σe implies higher metallicity at fixed μ*. Age profiles are typically U-shaped, with minimum around 0.4 Re, asymptotic increase to maximum ages beyond ∼ 1.5 Re, and an increase towards the centre. The depth of the minimum and the central increase anticorrelate with σe. A possible qualitative interpretation of these observations is a two-phase scenario. In the first phase, dissipative collapse occurs in the inner 1Re, establishing a negative metallicity gradient. The competition between the outside-in quenching due to feedback-driven winds and some form of inside-out quenching, possibly caused by central AGN feedback or dynamical heating, determines the U-shaped age profiles. In the second phase, the accretion of ex-situ stars from quenched and low-metallicity satellites shapes the flatter stellar population profiles in the outer regions.
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insu-03748071 , version 1 (21-07-2023)

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Stefano Zibetti, Anna R. Gallazzi, Michaela Hirschmann, Guido Consolandi, Jesús Falcón-Barroso, et al.. Insights into formation scenarios of massive early-type galaxies from spatially resolved stellar population analysis in CALIFA. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 2020, 491, pp.3562-3585. ⟨10.1093/mnras/stz3205⟩. ⟨insu-03748071⟩
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