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Journal Articles Nature Communications Year : 2022

Regional and seasonal partitioning of water and temperature controls on global land carbon uptake variability

Kai Wang
  • Function : Author
Ana Bastos
  • Function : Author
Xuhui Wang
  • Function : Author
Christian Rödenbeck
  • Function : Author
Pierre Gentine
  • Function : Author
Vincent W. Humphrey
  • Function : Author
Chris Huntingford
  • Function : Author
Michael O'Sullivan
  • Function : Author
Sonia I. Seneviratne
  • Function : Author
Stephen Sitch
  • Function : Author
Shilong Piao
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Global fluctuations in annual land carbon uptake (NEEIAV) depend on water and temperature variability, yet debate remains about local and seasonal controls of the global dependences. Here, we quantify regional and seasonal contributions to the correlations of globally-averaged NEEIAV against terrestrial water storage (TWS) and temperature, and respective uncertainties, using three approaches: atmospheric inversions, process-based vegetation models, and data-driven models. The three approaches agree that the tropics contribute over 63% of the global correlations, but differ on the dominant driver of the global NEEIAV, because they disagree on seasonal temperature effects in the Northern Hemisphere (NH, >25°N). In the NH, inversions and process-based models show inter-seasonal compensation of temperature effects, inducing a global TWS dominance supported by observations. Data-driven models show weaker seasonal compensation, thereby estimating a global temperature dominance. We provide a roadmap to fully understand drivers of global NEEIAV and discuss their implications for future carbon-climate feedbacks.
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insu-03824370 , version 1 (21-10-2022)

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Kai Wang, Ana Bastos, Philippe Ciais, Xuhui Wang, Christian Rödenbeck, et al.. Regional and seasonal partitioning of water and temperature controls on global land carbon uptake variability. Nature Communications, 2022, 13, ⟨10.1038/s41467-022-31175-w⟩. ⟨insu-03824370⟩
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