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Journal Articles Geological Magazine Year : 2022

Far-field brittle deformation record in the eastern Paris Basin (France)

Thomas Blaise
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Cédric Carpentier
Benjamin Brigaud
Yves Missenard
Xavier Mangenot
Philippe Boulvais

Abstract

Jurassic carbonate strata in the eastern Paris Basin exhibit several generations of faults, tension gashes and stylolites. Although their relative chronology can sometimes be determined according to cross-cutting relationships, the duration of major deformation phases and their influence on fluid flow and carbonate cementation are still uncertain. This contribution aims to clarify the timing of brittle deformation and associated calcite cementation. Tension gashes filled by calcite in Jurassic carbonates were sampled in outcrops and boreholes and dated through U–Pb geochronology. Almost all the sampled fractures were cemented during the Cenozoic period. Continuous deformation spread from c . 50 to 30 Ma. Tension gashes oriented N10° to N20° dated at 48–43 Ma show the main Pyrenean contractional stage. A second set of calcites were dated at c . 35–33 Ma and document a Late Eocene – Oligocene extension. A transition from the compressional to the extensional regime is expressed by tension gashes dated between 43 and 35 Ma. Finally, tension gashes oriented N150° to N175°, dated between 32 and 18 Ma, may result from the propagation of the horizontal stress generated by the Alpine orogen or by late Pyrenean deformation. Clumped isotope thermometry on five samples revealed both low crystallization temperatures (from 27 to 53 °C) and the meteoric origin of calcite-precipitating fluids. Our research therefore documents a continuous fracturing from Ypresian to Rupelian times, and less expressed brittle deformation during the Miocene period.
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Dates and versions

insu-03826209 , version 1 (25-10-2022)

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Thomas Blaise, Sid Ahmed Ali Khoudja, Cédric Carpentier, Benjamin Brigaud, Yves Missenard, et al.. Far-field brittle deformation record in the eastern Paris Basin (France). Geological Magazine, 2022, Faults and fractures in rocks: mechanics occurrence, dating, stress history and fluid flow, 159 (11-12), pp.2095-2109. ⟨10.1017/S0016756822000772⟩. ⟨insu-03826209⟩
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