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Journal Articles Journal of Geophysical Research Space Physics Year : 2022

Large‐Scale Depletion of Nighttime Oxygen Ions at the Low and middle Latitudes in the Winter Hemisphere

Abstract

By analyzing the latitudinal distributions of ionospheric ions observed by the DEMETER satellite at 670 km altitude in different seasons, we found that the large-scale depletion of nighttime oxygen ions is prevalent at the low and middle latitudes of winter hemisphere (center ∼ 30o) under different geomagnetic conditions. The latitudinal width of the winter oxygen ion depletion (WOD) region is about 20o to 60o at different longitudes, and its upper boundary latitudes are mostly lower than the midlatitude trough (|λ| ≥ 50o) of nighttime hydrogen ions (H+) near the plasmapause. In the WOD region, the density ratio of oxygen and hydrogen ions and that of their neutral densities (O, H) approximately agree with the chemical equilibrium relationship of charge exchange reactions (H + O+ ↔ H+ + O) predicted by previous theory, indicating that the charge exchange reactions are mainly responsible for the large-scale oxygen ion depletion at the low and middle latitudes in winter hemisphere.
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insu-03842988 , version 1 (11-04-2023)

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Liuyuan Li, S. P. Zhou, Jinbin Cao, Junying Yang, Jean-Jacques Berthelier. Large‐Scale Depletion of Nighttime Oxygen Ions at the Low and middle Latitudes in the Winter Hemisphere. Journal of Geophysical Research Space Physics, 2022, 127 (11), pp.e2022JA030688. ⟨10.1029/2022JA030688⟩. ⟨insu-03842988⟩
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