Searching for Multiple Populations in Star Clusters Using the China Space Station Telescope - INSU - Institut national des sciences de l'Univers Access content directly
Journal Articles Research in Astronomy and Astrophysics Year : 2022

Searching for Multiple Populations in Star Clusters Using the China Space Station Telescope

Chengyuan Li
  • Function : Author
Zhenya Zheng
  • Function : Author
Xiaodong Li
  • Function : Author
Xiaoying Pang
  • Function : Author
Baitian Tang
  • Function : Author
Antonino P. Milone
  • Function : Author
Yue Wang
  • Function : Author
Dengkai Jiang
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Multiple stellar populations (MPs) in most star clusters older than 2 Gyr, as seen by lots of spectroscopic and photometric studies, have led to a significant challenge to the traditional view of star formation. In this field, space-based instruments, in particular the Hubble Space Telescope (HST), have made a breakthrough as they significantly improved the efficiency of detecting MPs in crowded stellar fields by images. The China Space Station Telescope (CSST) and the HST are sensitive to a similar wavelength interval, but the CSST covers a field of view which is about 5-8 times wider than that of HST. One of its instruments, the Multi-Channel Imager (MCI), will have multiple filters covering a wide wavelength range from NUV to NIR, making the CSST a potentially powerful tool for studying MPs in clusters. In this work, we evaluate the efficiency of the designed filters for the MCI/CSST in revealing MPs in different color-magnitude diagrams (CMDs). We find that CMDs made with MCI/CSST photometry in appropriate UV filters are powerful tools to disentangle stellar populations with different abundances of He, C, N, O and Mg. On the contrary, the traditional CMDs are blind to multiple populations in globular clusters (GCs). We show that CSST has the potential of being the spearhead instrument for investigating MPs in GCs in the next decades.

Dates and versions

insu-03849374 , version 1 (11-11-2022)

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Chengyuan Li, Zhenya Zheng, Xiaodong Li, Xiaoying Pang, Baitian Tang, et al.. Searching for Multiple Populations in Star Clusters Using the China Space Station Telescope. Research in Astronomy and Astrophysics, 2022, 22, ⟨10.1088/1674-4527/ac7bf1⟩. ⟨insu-03849374⟩
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