A kinematic excess in the annular gap and gas depleted cavity in the disc around HD 169142 - INSU - Institut national des sciences de l'Univers Access content directly
Journal Articles Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society Year : 2022

A kinematic excess in the annular gap and gas depleted cavity in the disc around HD 169142

H. Garg
  • Function : Author
I. Hammond
  • Function : Author
R. Teague
  • Function : Author
T. Hilder
  • Function : Author
D. J. Price
  • Function : Author
J. Calcino
  • Function : Author
V. Christiaens
  • Function : Author
P. P. Poblete
  • Function : Author

Abstract

We present ALMA band 6 images of the 12CO, 13CO and C18O J=2-1 line emissions for the circumstellar disc around HD 169142, at ~8 au spatial resolution. We resolve a central gas depleted cavity, along with two independent near-symmetric ring-like structures in line emission: a well-defined inner gas ring [~25 au] and a second relatively fainter and diffuse outer gas ring [~65 au]. We identify a localised super-Keplerian feature or vertical flow with a magnitude of ~75ms-1 in the 12CO map. This feature has the shape of an arc that spans azimuthally across a PA range of -60 to 45 and radially in between the B1[26au] and B2[59au] dust rings. Through reconstruction of the gas surface density profile, we find that the magnitude of the background perturbations by the pressure support and self-gravity terms are not significant enough to account for the kinematic excess. If of planetary origin, the relative depletion in the gas-density profile would suggest a 1 MJ planet. In contrast, the central cavity displays relatively smooth kinematics, suggesting either a low mass companion and/or a binary orbit with a minimal vertical velocity component.
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Dates and versions

insu-03860272 , version 1 (06-07-2023)

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H. Garg, C. Pinte, I. Hammond, R. Teague, T. Hilder, et al.. A kinematic excess in the annular gap and gas depleted cavity in the disc around HD 169142. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 2022, ⟨10.1093/mnras/stac3039⟩. ⟨insu-03860272⟩
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