Global cooling initiated the Middle-Late Mississippian biodiversity crisis - INSU - Institut national des sciences de l'Univers Access content directly
Journal Articles Global and Planetary Change Year : 2022

Global cooling initiated the Middle-Late Mississippian biodiversity crisis

Le Yao
  • Function : Author
Ganqing Jiang
  • Function : Author
Horng-Sheng Mii
  • Function : Author
Yifang Lin
  • Function : Author
Jitao Chen
  • Function : Author
Yuping Qi
  • Function : Author
Wei Lin
  • Function : Author
Qiulai Wang
  • Function : Author
Xiangdong Wang
  • Function : Author

Abstract

During the Mississippian period, metazoan reefs and other marine faunas gradually recovered from the Late Devonian mass extinctions and reached a peak in the late Visean (~334-332 Ma). Faunal diversity started to decline from the latest Visean (~332-330 Ma) through Serpukhovian (~330-323 Ma), with significant genera/species losses and ecosystem reconstruction. This Middle-Late Mississippian biodiversity crisis (M-LMBC) was thought to have been caused by global cooling associated with the late Paleozoic Ice Age (LPIA), but existing sedimentological and temperature proxy data suggest that the global cooling event-that marks the onset of the main glaciation phase of LPIA-happened either ~4 Myr before or ~ 1-5 Myr after the initial biodiversity decline at ~332 Ma. Here, we report oxygen isotope data of diagenetically screened, well-preserved brachiopod calcite (δ18Ocalcite) from late Visean-Serpukhovian (or Middle-Late Mississippian; ~334-323 Ma) strata in South China where biodiversity data are well documented. The δ18Ocalcite data reveal a ~ 2.0‰ positive shift from -4.6 ± 0.2‰ to -2.7 ± 0.5‰ with an estimated ~4.7-5.5 °C drop in sea surface temperature (SST) during ~332.5-331.5 Ma in the late Visean. This cooling event coincides with fast decline of metazoan reef abundance, followed by decrease of benthic faunal diversity. The δ18Ocalcite data, in combination with calibrated sedimentological and biodiversity data, demonstrate the coupling between late Visean (~332 Ma) onset of the main glaciation phase of the LPIA and initiation of the M-LMBC.
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Dates and versions

insu-03867007 , version 1 (23-11-2022)

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Le Yao, Ganqing Jiang, Horng-Sheng Mii, Yifang Lin, Markus Aretz, et al.. Global cooling initiated the Middle-Late Mississippian biodiversity crisis. Global and Planetary Change, 2022, 215, ⟨10.1016/j.gloplacha.2022.103852⟩. ⟨insu-03867007⟩
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