Magnetic Field Intermittency in the Solar Wind: Parker Solar Probe and SolO Observations Ranging from the Alfvén Region up to 1 AU - INSU - Institut national des sciences de l'Univers Access content directly
Journal Articles The Astrophysical Journal Year : 2022

Magnetic Field Intermittency in the Solar Wind: Parker Solar Probe and SolO Observations Ranging from the Alfvén Region up to 1 AU

Nikos Sioulas
  • Function : Author
Zesen Huang
  • Function : Author
Marco Velli
  • Function : Author
Rohit Chhiber
  • Function : Author
Manuel E. Cuesta
  • Function : Author
Chen Shi
  • Function : Author
William H. Matthaeus
  • Function : Author
Riddhi Bandyopadhyay
  • Function : Author
Loukas Vlahos
  • Function : Author
Trevor A. Bowen
  • Function : Author
Ramiz A. Qudsi
  • Function : Author
Stuart D. Bale
  • Function : Author
Christopher J. Owen
  • Function : Author
Michael L. Stevens
  • Function : Author
Anthony Case
  • Function : Author
Justin Kasper
  • Function : Author
Davin Larson
  • Function : Author
Marc Pulupa
  • Function : Author
Roberto Livi
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Parker Solar Probe (PSP) and SolO data are utilized to investigate magnetic field intermittency in the solar wind (SW). Small-scale intermittency (20-100 d i ) is observed to radially strengthen when methods relying on higher-order moments are considered (SF q ; SDK), but no clear trend is observed at larger scales. However, lower-order moment-based methods (e.g., partial variance of increments; PVI) are deemed more appropriate for examining the evolution of the bulk of coherent structures (CSs), PVI ≥ 3. Using PVI, we observe a scale-dependent evolution in the fraction of the data set occupied by CSs, f PVI≥3. Specifically, regardless of the SW speed, a subtle increase is found in f PVI≥3 for ℓ = 20 d i , in contrast to a more pronounced radial increase in CSs observed at larger scales. Intermittency is investigated in relation to plasma parameters. Though, slower SW speed intervals exhibit higher f PVI≥6 and higher kurtosis maxima, no statistical differences are observed for f PVI≥3. Highly Alfvénic intervals display lower levels of intermittency. The anisotropy with respect to the angle between the magnetic field and SW flow, ΘVB is investigated. Intermittency is weaker at ΘVB ≍ 0° and is strengthened at larger angles. Considering the evolution at a constant alignment angle, a weakening of intermittency is observed with increasing advection time of the SW. Our results indicate that the strengthening of intermittency in the inner heliosphere is driven by the increase in comparatively highly intermittent perpendicular intervals sampled by the probes with increasing distance, an effect related directly to the evolution of the Parker spiral.
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insu-03867479 , version 1 (23-11-2022)

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Nikos Sioulas, Zesen Huang, Marco Velli, Rohit Chhiber, Manuel E. Cuesta, et al.. Magnetic Field Intermittency in the Solar Wind: Parker Solar Probe and SolO Observations Ranging from the Alfvén Region up to 1 AU. The Astrophysical Journal, 2022, 934, ⟨10.3847/1538-4357/ac7aa2⟩. ⟨insu-03867479⟩
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