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Journal Articles Monthly Weather Review Year : 2023

Statistical Downscaling to Improve the Subseasonal Predictions of Energy-Relevant Surface Variables

Abstract

Owing to the increasing share of variable renewable energies in the electricity mix, the European energy sector is becoming more weather sensitive. In this regard, skillful subseasonal predictions of essential climate variables can provide considerable socioeconomic benefits to the energy sector. The aim of this study is therefore to improve the European subseasonal predictions of 100-m wind speed and 2-m temperature, which we achieve through statistical downscaling. We employ redundancy analysis (RDA) to estimate spatial patterns of variability from large-scale fields that allow for the best prediction of surface fields. We compare explanatory powers between the patterns obtained using RDA against those derived using principal component analysis (PCA), when used as predictors in multilinear regression models to predict surface fields, and show that the explanatory power of the former is superior to that of the latter. Subsequently, we employ the estimated relationship between RDA patterns and surface fields to produce statistical probabilistic predictions of gridded surface fields using dynamical ensemble predictions of RDA patterns. We finally demonstrate how a simple combination of dynamical and statistical predictions of surface fields significantly improves the accuracy of subseasonal predictions of both variables over a large part of Europe. We attribute the improved accuracy of these combined predictions to improvements in reliability and resolution.
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Sunday, March 17, 2024
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Sunday, March 17, 2024
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insu-03993950 , version 1 (17-03-2023)

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Naveen Goutham, Riwal Plougonven, Hiba Omrani, Alexis Tantet, Sylvie Parey, et al.. Statistical Downscaling to Improve the Subseasonal Predictions of Energy-Relevant Surface Variables. Monthly Weather Review, 2023, 151, pp.275-296. ⟨10.1175/MWR-D-22-0170.1⟩. ⟨insu-03993950⟩
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