Seasonal, latitudinal, and longitudinal trends in night‐time ozone vertical structure on Mars from MAVEN/IUVS stellar occultations - INSU - Institut national des sciences de l'Univers Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Geophysical Research. Planets Year : 2023

Seasonal, latitudinal, and longitudinal trends in night‐time ozone vertical structure on Mars from MAVEN/IUVS stellar occultations

Ashwin Braude
  • Function : Correspondent author
  • PersonId : 1059982

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Franck Montmessin
Franck Lefèvre
Anni Määttänen
Loïc Verdier
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 1050626
F. Jiang
R. Yelle
S. Curry

Abstract

Stellar occultation measurements conducted by the MAVEN/IUVS instrument were able to make vertically-resolved measurements of ozone density in the middle atmosphere of Mars that offered good coverage with respect to latitude, longitude and local time. These measurements were used to identify systematic variations in the vertical structure of ozone with longitude that could be distinguished from general trends in the evolution of ozone with respect to season and latitude. A total of 583 individual nightside occultations between Martian years 32 and 36 were analysed, of which 224 were confirmed to have ozone, all found between Ls = 15 - 165°. Close to aphelion (Ls= 60 - 90°), peak ozone densities between 30 - 40 km altitude were observed to be within error of model predictions at all measured latitudes, but diverged from model predictions before and after this time. At low latitudes, seasonal changes were seen to have the greatest effect on the observed vertical structure of ozone, with detached ozone layer densities at altitudes above 30 km usually varying within approximately a factor of two along a given latitudinal band at a given time of year. Nonetheless, evidence of a persistent regional enhancement of ozone abundance was observed over equatorial latitudes during the aphelion season, spanning a longitude range of approximately 50 - 130° E longitude. Planetary waves were clearly observed at higher Southern latitudes during Southern winter, often resulting in order of magnitude variations in ozone density with longitude.
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insu-04087186 , version 1 (23-05-2023)

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Ashwin Braude, Franck Montmessin, Nicholas M. Schneider, Sumedha Gupta, Sonal K. Jain, et al.. Seasonal, latitudinal, and longitudinal trends in night‐time ozone vertical structure on Mars from MAVEN/IUVS stellar occultations. Journal of Geophysical Research. Planets, 2023, 128 (5), pp.e2022JE007697. ⟨10.1029/2022JE007697⟩. ⟨insu-04087186⟩
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