Optical constants of exoplanet haze analogs from 0.3 to 30 µm: Comparative sensitivity between spectrophotometry and ellipsometry - INSU - Institut national des sciences de l'Univers Access content directly
Journal Articles Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A Year : 2024

Optical constants of exoplanet haze analogs from 0.3 to 30 µm: Comparative sensitivity between spectrophotometry and ellipsometry

Abstract

We report new optical constants (refractive index, n, and extinction coefficient, k) for exoplanet haze analogs from 0.3 to 30 µm. The samples were produced in a simulated N 2-dominated atmosphere with two different abundance ratios of CO 2 and CH 4 , using the PAMPRE plasma reactor at LATMOS. We find that our haze analogs present a significantly lower extinction coefficient in the optical and near-infrared (NIR) range compared to the seminal data obtained on Titan haze analogs. We confirm the stronger IR absorption expected for hazes produced in a gas mixture with higher CO 2 abundances. Given the strong impact of the atmospheric composition on the absorbing power of hazes, these new data should be used to characterize early-Earth and CO 2-rich exoplanet atmospheres. The data presented in this paper can be found in the Optical Constants Database. Using ellipsometry or spectrophotometry, the retrieved optical constants are affected by the sensitivity of the measurement and the accuracy of the calculations. A comparative study of both techniques was performed to identify limitations and better understand the discrepancies present in the previous data. For the refractive index n, errors of 1-3% are observed with both optical techniques and the different models, caused by the correlation with the film thickness. We find that UV-visible reflection ellipsometry provides similar n values, regardless of the model used; whereas the Swanepoel method on transmission is more subjected to errors in the UV. In the UV and mid-infrared (MIR), the different calculations lead to rather small errors on k. Larger errors of k arise in the region of weak absorption, where calculations are more sensitive to errors on the refractive index n.
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insu-04428483 , version 1 (31-01-2024)

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Thomas Drant, E Garcia-Caurel, Zoé Perrin, E Sciamma-O’brien, Nathalie Carrasco, et al.. Optical constants of exoplanet haze analogs from 0.3 to 30 µm: Comparative sensitivity between spectrophotometry and ellipsometry. Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, 2024, 682, pp.A6. ⟨10.1051/0004-6361/202346820⟩. ⟨insu-04428483⟩
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